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Simulation of Electric Field Distribution along Insulator Surface in Polluted Environments

Yukun Lv, Yuechi Wang*, Jiawen Wang, Jing Wang, Jiaxi Yang

Department of Energy, Power and Mechanical Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Baoding, 071003, China

* Corresponding Author: Yuechi Wang. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2021, 118(3), 631-642.


In recent years, more than 50% of the cities in the inland area of our country have suffered from moderate pollution. It can affect the distribution of electric field along the surface of insulator and the pollution characteristics of its surface area, even endanger the safe operation of transmission lines. This paper takes the XSP-160 porcelain three umbrella insulator under the action of 0–±30 kV DC voltage as the research object, and establishes the physical model of the insulator; uses COMSOL software to simulate the electric field of the insulator. The comparison with the results of the wind tunnel test of North China Electric Power University verifies the rationality of the simulation method. In view of the medium pollution environment which often occurs in the inland area, the force of the polluted particles deposited on the insulator under 110 kV DC voltage was analyzed. The distribution characteristics of the electric field along the surface in the clean and three kinds of pollution environment (light, medium and heavy) were simulated and compared. The results showed that: 1) In the moderate pollution environment, the influence of fluid drag force on the movement of polluted particles is greater at the initial stage (0.28–0.33 s); at the late stage (after 0.33 s), the influence of the electric field force begins to increase, and gradually plays a major role in the process of fouling. 2) In the three different polluted environments, the potential along the surface of each umbrella skirt of the insulator increases non-linearly with the increasing of the pollution concentration, and there are apparent potential inflection points near b and l. 3) The pollution particle concentration has the most obvious influence on the electric field along the low-voltage umbrella skirt, whose potential distortion rate can be up to 220 times in the heavy polluted environment.


Cite This Article

Lv, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, J., Wang, J., Yang, J. (2021). Simulation of Electric Field Distribution along Insulator Surface in Polluted Environments. Energy Engineering, 118(3), 631–642.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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