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Kalman Filter Estimation of Lithium Battery SOC Based on Model Capacity Updating

Min Deng1, Quan Min1, Ge Yang1, Man Yu2,3,*

1 CCCC Second Highway Consultants Co., Ltd., Wuhan, 430056, China
2 Xi'an Aeronautical University, Xi'an, 710077, China
3 Key Laboratory of Automobile Transportation Safety Guarantee Technology and Transportation Industry, Xi'an, 710064, China

* Corresponding Author: Man Yu. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable energy for transport)

Energy Engineering 2022, 119(2), 739-754.


High-precision estimation of lithium battery SOC can effectively optimize vehicle energy management, improve lithium battery safety protection, extend lithium battery cycle life, and reduce new energy vehicle costs. Based on the forgetting factor recursive least square method (FFRLS), Thevenin equivalent circuit model and Singular Value Decomposition-Unscented Kalman Filter (SVD-UKF), the SVD-UKF combined lithium battery SOC estimation algorithm with model capacity update is proposed, aiming at further improving the SOC estimation accuracy of lithium battery. The parameter identification of Thevenin model is studied by using the forgetting factor recursive least square method. To overcoming the shortcomings of Kalman filter linearization error and non-positive definite covariance matrix, the singular value decomposition unscented Kalman filter algorithm is proposed. It is worth mentioning that in order to consider the impact of battery available capacity attenuation on the estimation of lithium battery SOC, the model capacity update algorithm is used to optimize the model parameters and state joint estimation algorithm based on FFRLS & SVD-UKF. Verified by simulation and lithium battery test, the results show that the SVD-UKF algorithm based on model capacity update can accurately estimate the SOC of lithium battery in real time with the available capacity of lithium battery continuous attenuation. The purpose of improving the accuracy of SOC estimation of lithium batteries is achieved.


Cite This Article

Deng, M., Min, Q., Yang, G., Yu, M. (2022). Kalman Filter Estimation of Lithium Battery SOC Based on Model Capacity Updating. Energy Engineering, 119(2), 739–754.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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