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Exploring Win-Wins from Trade-Offs? Co-Benefits of Coalbed Methane Utilization for the Environment, Economy and Safety

Bing Wang1,2,*, Zhongxun Li1, Rui Shi1, Yuzheng Zhang1, Yao Yao1
1 Center for Sustainable Development and Energy Policy Research, School of Energy and Mining Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing, Beijing, 100083, China
2 Beijing Key Laboratory for Precise Mining of Intergrown Energy and Resources, China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing, Beijing, 100083, China
* Corresponding Author: Bing Wang. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Innovative Energy Systems Management under the Goals of Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutrality)

Energy Engineering 2022, 119(6), 2469-2487. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2022.021171

Received 30 December 2021; Accepted 08 April 2022; Issue published 14 September 2022

Abstract

With policy incentives for the coalbed methane in energy industry, coalbed methane from coal production has been effectively improved by technology innovations in coalbed methane extraction and utilization. The progress of coalbed methane promotes the clean construction of energy system and contributes to carbon neutrality target. To quantitatively measure the contributions of the coalbed methane in energy industry, this paper builds a carbon emissions accounting system for coalbed methane in China and assesses the historical co-benefits of coalbed methane utilization from the aspects of emissions reduction, safety and economy. By using the parameters of gas content, raw coal production, gas extraction rate and utilization rate over the years, emissions reduction potential and economic viability of coal seam gas are estimated and the safety benefits of coal mine gas extraction are analyzed by using data for gas accidents and economic losses. The results reveal that with the increase in raw coal production, the great emission reduction potential of coalbed methane is expected to benefit clean energy system and the development of carbon neutrality by means of policy incentives and technology innovations. The co-benefit evaluation indicates the huge profitability of coalbed methane from 2012 to 2015 and the significance of emissions reduction and safety gain internalization. Safety benefits are obvious in the negative exponential function between the annual drainage quantities of coalbed methane and annual death tolls from coal mine gas accidents. Based on these results, relevant suggestions are put forward for sustainable development of the coalbed methane in energy industry.

Keywords

Coalbed methane; fugitive emissions; co-benefits assessment; scenario analysis

Cite This Article

Wang, B., Li, Z., Shi, R., Zhang, Y., Yao, Y. (2022). Exploring Win-Wins from Trade-Offs? Co-Benefits of Coalbed Methane Utilization for the Environment, Economy and Safety. Energy Engineering, 119(6), 2469–2487.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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