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Recognition of Hybrid PQ Disturbances Based on Multi-Resolution S-Transform and Decision Tree

Feng Zhao1,2, Di Liao1,*, Xiaoqiang Chen1,2, Ying Wang1,2

1 School of Automation and Electrical Engineering, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, 730070, China
2 Key Lab of Opt-Electronic Technology and Intelligent Control of Ministry of Education, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, 730070, China

* Corresponding Author: Di Liao. Email:

Energy Engineering 2023, 120(5), 1133-1148.


Aiming at the problems of multiple types of power quality composite disturbances, strong feature correlation and high recognition error rate, a method of power quality composite disturbances identification based on multi-resolution S-transform and decision tree was proposed. Firstly, according to IEEE standard, the signal models of seven single power quality disturbances and 17 combined power quality disturbances are given, and the disturbance waveform samples are generated in batches. Then, in order to improve the recognition accuracy, the adjustment factor is introduced to obtain the controllable time-frequency resolution through multi-resolution S-transform time-frequency domain analysis. On this basis, five disturbance time-frequency domain features are extracted, which quantitatively reflect the characteristics of the analyzed power quality disturbance signal, which is less than the traditional method based on S-transform. Finally, three classifiers such as K-nearest neighbor, support vector machine and decision tree algorithm are used to effectively complete the identification of power quality composite disturbances. Simulation results show that the classification accuracy of decision tree algorithm is higher than that of K-nearest neighbor and support vector machine. Finally, the proposed method is compared with other commonly used recognition algorithms. Experimental results show that the proposed method is effective in terms of detection accuracy, especially for combined PQ interference.


Cite This Article

Zhao, F., Liao, D., Chen, X., Wang, Y. (2023). Recognition of Hybrid PQ Disturbances Based on Multi-Resolution S-Transform and Decision Tree. Energy Engineering, 120(5), 1133–1148.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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