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A Compact UHF Antenna Based on Hilbert Fractal Elements and a Serpentine Arrangement for Detecting Partial Discharge

Xiang Lin1,*, Jian Fang1, Ming Zhang1, Kuang Yin1, Yan Tian1, Yingfei Guo2, Qianggang Wang2

1 Guangzhou Power Supply Bureau of Guangdong Power Grid Co., Ltd., China Southern Power Grid, Guangzhou, 510620, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment Technology, School of Electrical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, 400044, China

* Corresponding Author: Xiang Lin. Email: email

Energy Engineering 2024, 121(5), 1127-1141. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.046861

Abstract

Efforts to protect electric power systems from faults have commonly relied on the use of ultra-high frequency (UHF) antennas for detecting partial discharge (PD) as a common precursor to faults. However, the effectiveness of existing UHF antennas suffers from a number of challenges such as limited bandwidth, relatively large physical size, and low detection sensitivity. The present study addresses these issues by proposing a compact microstrip patch antenna with fixed dimensions of 100 mm × 100 mm × 1.6 mm. The results of computations yield an optimized antenna design consisting of 2nd-order Hilbert fractal units positioned within a four-layer serpentine arrangement with a fractal unit connection distance of 3.0 mm. Specifically, the optimized antenna design achieves a detection bandwidth for which the voltage standing wave ratio is less than 2 that is approximately 97.3% of the UHF frequency range (0.3–3 GHz). Finally, a prototype antenna is fabricated using standard printed circuit board technology, and the results of experiments demonstrate that the proposed antenna is capable of detecting PD signals at a distance of 8 m from the discharge source.

Graphical Abstract

A Compact UHF Antenna Based on Hilbert Fractal Elements and a Serpentine Arrangement for Detecting Partial Discharge

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APA Style
Lin, X., Fang, J., Zhang, M., Yin, K., Tian, Y. et al. (2024). A compact UHF antenna based on hilbert fractal elements and a serpentine arrangement for detecting partial discharge. Energy Engineering, 121(5), 1127-1141. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.046861
Vancouver Style
Lin X, Fang J, Zhang M, Yin K, Tian Y, Guo Y, et al. A compact UHF antenna based on hilbert fractal elements and a serpentine arrangement for detecting partial discharge. Energ Eng. 2024;121(5):1127-1141 https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.046861
IEEE Style
X. Lin et al., "A Compact UHF Antenna Based on Hilbert Fractal Elements and a Serpentine Arrangement for Detecting Partial Discharge," Energ. Eng., vol. 121, no. 5, pp. 1127-1141. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/ee.2024.046861



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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