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Calculation of the Gas Injection Rate and Pipe String Erosion in Nitrogen Drilling Systems

Mingren Shao1, Chunpeng Wang1, Degui Wang1, Wenbo Mei1, Mingjie Li1, Hao Yang2,*

1 China United Coalbed Methane Corporation, Ltd., Beijing, 100011, China
2 School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing, 100083, China

* Corresponding Author: Hao Yang. Email:

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2022, 18(2), 417-430.


Detailed information is provided for the design and construction of nitrogen drilling in a coal seam. Two prototype wells are considered. The Guo model is used to calculate the required minimum gas injection rate, while the Finnie, Sommerfeld, and Tulsa models are exploited to estimate the ensuing erosion occurring in pipe strings. The calculated minimum gas injection rates are 67.4 m3/min (with water) and 49.4 m3/min (without water), and the actual field of use is 90–120 m3/min. The difference between the calculated injection pressure and the field value is 6.5%–15.2% (formation with water) and 0.65%–7.32% (formation without water). The results show that the Guo model can more precisely represent the situation of the no water formation in the nitrogen drilling of a coal seam. The Finnie, Sommerfeld, and Tulsa models have different sensitivities to cutting densities, particle size, impact velocity and angle, and pipe string hardness.


Cite This Article

Shao, M., Wang, C., Wang, D., Mei, W., Li, M. et al. (2022). Calculation of the Gas Injection Rate and Pipe String Erosion in Nitrogen Drilling Systems. FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 18(2), 417–430.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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