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Effect of Al2O3 Nanoparticles on the Compression Ignition Performances and Emitted Pollutants of a Diesel Engine

Noora S. Ekab1, Ahmed Q. Salam2, Ali O. Abd3, Miqdam T. Chaichan4,*

1 Electromechanical Engineering Department, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, 65035, Iraq
2 Environment Research Center, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, 65035, Iraq
3 Applied Science Department, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, 65035, Iraq
4 Energy and Renewable Energies Technology Center, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, 65035, Iraq

* Corresponding Author: Miqdam T. Chaichan. Email: email

Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing 2023, 19(11), 2847-2861. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2023.028874

Abstract

To improve the performances of diesel engines and to reduce the pollutants they emit, aluminum oxide nanoparticles in varying quantities (50, 100, 150 ppm) have been added to conventional diesel fuel. The results of such experimental tests have revealed that the addition of nano-Al2O3 particles to the diesel fuel reduces its consumption by 0.488%, 1.02%, and 1.377%, respectively and increases the brake thermal efficiency by 1.4%, 2.6%, and 3.8%, respectively. The concentrations of undesired gases decrease accordingly by 1.5%, 1.7%, and 2.8% for HC and by 5.88%, 11.7%, and 17.6%, respectively, for CO. For the same percentages of nanoparticles, NOx increases by 2.65, 4.36, and 5.37, while the TSP (Total Suspended Particulate) decreases by 22%, 34.66%, and 49.7%, respectively. In the same conditions, sulfur dioxide pollutants increase by 4.57%, 8.8% and 12.89%, and H2S levels by 4.7%, 7.81% and 8.9%, respectively.

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APA Style
Ekab, N.S., Salam, A.Q., Abd, A.O., Chaichan, M.T. (2023). Effect of al2o3 nanoparticles on the compression ignition performances and emitted pollutants of a diesel engine. Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, 19(11), 2847-2861. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2023.028874
Vancouver Style
Ekab NS, Salam AQ, Abd AO, Chaichan MT. Effect of al2o3 nanoparticles on the compression ignition performances and emitted pollutants of a diesel engine. Fluid Dyn Mater Proc. 2023;19(11):2847-2861 https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2023.028874
IEEE Style
N.S. Ekab, A.Q. Salam, A.O. Abd, and M.T. Chaichan "Effect of Al2O3 Nanoparticles on the Compression Ignition Performances and Emitted Pollutants of a Diesel Engine," Fluid Dyn. Mater. Proc., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 2847-2861. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/fdmp.2023.028874



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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