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Numerical Investigation on Thermal Performance of Two-Phase Immersion Cooling Method for High-Power Electronics

Liqun Zhou1,*, Weilin Yang1, Chaojie Li2, Shi Lin3

1 College of Petrochemical Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, 730050, China
2 College of Environment and Safety Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266042, China
3 College of Artificial Intelligence, Yango University, Fuzhou, 350015, China

* Corresponding Author: Liqun Zhou. Email: email

Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer 2024, 22(1), 157-173. https://doi.org/10.32604/fhmt.2023.045135

Abstract

The power density of electronic components grows continuously, and the subsequent heat accumulation and temperature increase inevitably affect electronic equipment’s stability, reliability and service life. Therefore, achieving efficient cooling in limited space has become a key problem in updating electronic devices with high performance and high integration. Two-phase immersion is a novel cooling method. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method is used to investigate the cooling performance of two-phase immersion cooling on high-power electronics. The two-dimensional CFD model is utilized by the volume of fluid (VOF) method and Reynolds Stress Model. Lee’s model was employed to calculate the phase change rate. The heat transfer coefficient along the heated walls and the shear-lift force on bubbles are calculated. The simulation data are verified with the literature results. The cooling performance of different coolants has been studied. The results indicate that the boiling heat transfer coefficient can be enhanced by using a low boiling point coolant. The methanol is used as the cooling medium for further research. In addition, the mass flow rate and inlet temperature are investigated to assess the thermal performance of two-phase immersion cooling. The average temperature of the high-power electronics is 80°C, and the temperature difference can be constrained to 8°C. Meanwhile, the convective heat transfer coefficient reaches 2740 W/(m2·°C) when the inlet temperature is 50°C, and the mass flow rate is 0.3 kg/s. In conclusion, the results demonstrated that two-phase immersion cooling has provided an effective method for the thermal management of high-power electronics.

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Numerical Investigation on Thermal Performance of Two-Phase Immersion Cooling Method for High-Power Electronics

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Cite This Article

Zhou, L., Yang, W., Li, C., Lin, S. (2024). Numerical Investigation on Thermal Performance of Two-Phase Immersion Cooling Method for High-Power Electronics. Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 22(1), 157–173.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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