Vol.32, No.2, 2022, pp.1293-1308, doi:10.32604/iasc.2022.022583
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Performance Analysis of Two-Stage Optimal Feature-Selection Techniques for Finger Knuckle Recognition
  • P. Jayapriya*, K. Umamaheswari
Department of Information Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, 641004, India
* Corresponding Author: P. Jayapriya. Email:
Received 12 August 2021; Accepted 14 September 2021; Issue published 17 November 2021
Abstract
Automated biometric authentication attracts the attention of researchers to work on hand-based images to develop applications in forensics science. Finger Knuckle Print (FKP) is one of the hand-based biometrics used in the recognition of an individual. FKP is rich in texture, less in contact and known for its unique features. The dimensionality of the features, extracted from the image, is one of the main problems in pattern recognition. Since selecting the relevant features is an important but challenging task, the feature subset selection is an optimization problem. A reduced number of features results in enhanced classification accuracy. The proposed FKP system presents a mulitalgorithm fusion based on subspace algorithms at feature level fusion technique. In this paper, a new feature-selection algorithm, which is a Modified Magnetotatic bacterium Optimization Algorithm (MMBOA), is proposed for finger knuckle recognition to select relevant and useful features that increase the classification accuracy. The distinct characteristic of this bacterium influences the design of a new optimization technique. The hybrid features such as Eigen and Fisher (EiFi) are extracted from the finger knuckle. The fusion of this feature vector is optimized using newly proposed MMBOA_mr optimization algorithm. The results demonstrate a significant improvement compared with unimodal identifiers, and the proposed approach significantly outperforms with a recognition accuracy of 99.7% with 22 features with the reduction rate of 72%. Additionally, the proposed approach is compared with the state-of-the-art methods.
Keywords
FKP; Eifi feature extraction; feature selection; MMBOA; GWO; KNN
Cite This Article
Jayapriya, P., Umamaheswari, K. (2022). Performance Analysis of Two-Stage Optimal Feature-Selection Techniques for Finger Knuckle Recognition. Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, 32(2), 1293–1308.
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