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An Experimental Approach to Diagnose Covid-19 Using Optimized CNN

Anjani Kumar Singha1, Nitish Pathak2,*, Neelam Sharma3, Abhishek Gandhar4, Shabana Urooj5, Swaleha Zubair6, Jabeen Sultana7, Guthikonda Nagalaxmi8

1 Department of Computer Science, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, 202002, India
2 Department of Information Technology, Bhagwan Parshuram Institute of Technology (BPIT), GGSIPU, New Delhi, 110089, India
3 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology (MAIT), GGSIPU, New Delhi, 110086, India
4 Department of Electrical Engineering, Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Engineering, GGSIPU, New Delhi, 110063, India
5 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Princess Nourahbint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, 84428, SaudiArabia
6 Department of Computer Science, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, 202002, India
7 Department of Computer Science, College of Computer and Information Sciences, MajmaahUniversity, Al Majmaah, 11952, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
8 Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Basar, Telangana, 504107, India

* Corresponding Author: Nitish Pathak. Email:

Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing 2022, 34(2), 1065-1080.


The outburst of novel corona viruses aggregated worldwide and has undergone severe trials to manage medical sector all over the world. A radiologist uses x-rays and Computed Tomography (CT) scans to analyze images through which the existence of corona virus is found. Therefore, imaging and visualization systems contribute a dominant part in diagnosing process and thereby assist the medical experts to take necessary precautions and to overcome these rigorous conditions. In this research, a Multi-Objective Black Widow Optimization based Convolutional Neural Network (MBWO-CNN) method is proposed to diagnose and classify covid-19 data. The proposed method comprises of four stages, preprocess the covid-19 data, attribute selection, tune parameters, and classify covid-19 data. Initially, images are fed to preprocess and features are selected using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Next, Multi-objective Black Widow Optimization (MBWO) method is imparted to finely tune the hyper parameters of CNN. Lastly, Extreme Learning Machine Auto Encoder (ELM-AE) is used to check the existence of corona virus and further classification is done to classify the covid-19 data into respective classes. The suggested MBWO-CNN model was evaluated for effectiveness by undergoing experiments and the outcomes attained were matched with the outcome stationed by prevailing methods. The outcomes confirmed the astonishing results of the ELM-AE model to classify covid-19 data by achieving maximum accuracy of 97.53%. The efficacy of the proposed method is validated and observed that it has yielded outstanding outcomes and is best suitable to diagnose and classify covid-19 data.


Cite This Article

A. Kumar Singha, N. Pathak, N. Sharma, A. Gandhar, S. Urooj et al., "An experimental approach to diagnose covid-19 using optimized cnn," Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, vol. 34, no.2, pp. 1065–1080, 2022.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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