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CLT Fabricated with Gmelina arborea and Tectona grandis Wood from Fast-Growth Forest Plantations: Physical and Mechanical Properties

Freddy Muñoz1, Carolina Tenorio1, Róger Moya1,*, Angel Navarro-Mora2
1 Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal, Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Cartago, 159-7050, Costa Rica
2 Escuela de Ingeniería en Construcción, Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Cartago, 159-7050, Costa Rica
* Corresponding Author: Róger Moya. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Advanced Wood Composites from Renewable Materials)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.017392

Received 07 May 2021; Accepted 02 June 2021; Issue published 27 July 2021

Abstract

Fabrication and use of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) using tropical woods is still limited at present. Therefore objective of the present study aims to determine the possibility of using CLT panels of 3 and 5 layers, fabricated with Tectona grandis and Gmelina arborea wood using adhesive of isocyanate polymer emulsion system catalyzed with polymeric isocyanate. Delamination, water absorption, density, flexure test, compression and glue-line shear were evaluated using ANSI/APA PRG320-2012 ASTM D198 and ASTM D4761 standard. The results showed that CLT panels of T. grandis presented higher values of density, less water absorption and lower delamination, with no evident differences between the CLT of 3 and 5 layers. The high density of T. grandis resulted in higher values of the mechanical properties. The flatwise and edgewise flexure tests in 5-layer CLT panels of both species presented higher values of bending stiffness compared to those of 3-layer CLT panels. Further the bending stress values in 3-layer CLT panels were higher than for 5-layer CLT panels. As for shear stress in bending flatwise, in both species, 3-layer CLT surpassed 5-layer CLT panels, but in the edgewise test no differences were observed. The MOE and Fc in the compression test were superior in relation to the edgewise test. MOE and Fc in compression flatwise in 3-layer CLT was greater than in 5-layer CLT in both species, but edgewise these values were higher in 5-layer CLT panels. The most common failures were stress and delamination in the flexure test, whereas in the compression test these were: shearing, splitting and crushing. In the glue-line shear test no differences were observed between CLT panels of 3 and 5 layers for both species.

Keywords

Structural elements; sustainable material; building material; tropical wood; wood of plantation

Cite This Article

Muñoz, F., Tenorio, C., Moya, R., Navarro-Mora, A. (2022). CLT Fabricated with Gmelina arborea and Tectona grandis Wood from Fast-Growth Forest Plantations: Physical and Mechanical Properties. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(1), 1–17.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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