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ARTICLE

Field Application of Mulberry Straw Arch in Ecological Bank Revetment

Xiaojuan Yu1, Chao Liu1,*, Quan Hua2, Xiaohui Wang2, Yongbin Li1
1 Geotechnical Research Institute, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng, 224051, China
2 Yancheng City Channel Management Office, Yancheng Transportation Bureau, Yancheng, 224051, China
* Corresponding Author: Chao Liu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Research and Innovations in Engineered Timber and Mass Timber Products for Sustainable Built-Environment)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(10), 2607-2621. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.019091

Received 02 September 2021; Accepted 12 October 2021; Issue published 08 June 2022

Abstract

With the growing level of awareness and increasing demand for environmental protection, timber pile revetments with significant ecological effects have experienced increasingly wide application in China. The current timber pile revetment system has two problems: continuous dense piles have high construction costs and require large timber consumptions, while the discrete pile-bamboo fence systems have poor retaining effects. Considering these problems, an original revetment structure form is proposed: a discrete pile-mulberry straw arch structure. To investigate the mechanical properties of the mulberry straw, some mechanical tests are conducted on mulberry straw and its arch structure. It is found that the average compressive strength of mulberry straw is 2.30 MPa, the bending strength is 20.08 MPa and the shear strength is 2.99 MPa; considering the structural characteristics of arches, mulberry straw arches have a high bending strength, which affords immense potential for their application in revetment structures. Furthermore, by doing field study of the discrete timber pile-mulberry straw arch structure for bank revetment, it is found that the arch height of the mulberry straw arch changes 1.4–1.6 cm after 489 d observation. The soil settlement before the straw arch is 0.13–0.18 cm and the settlement of the pile is 0.66– 0.72 mm. Compared with bamboo fence structure, the cost of using mulberry straw arch structure as revetment material can save up to 27.07%. Therefore, the discrete timber pile-mulberry straw arch has a rational and stable structure that provides effective support for protecting the riverbank and the toe of gentle slopes and effectively prevents the collapse of bank slopes in the rear. The new revetment structure proposed in this paper has signifi- cant ecological and economic effects, is easy to construct and feasible for standard production, and consequently has great application potential.

Graphical Abstract

Field Application of Mulberry Straw Arch in Ecological Bank Revetment

Keywords

Mulberry straw arch; ecological bank revetment; field test

Cite This Article

Yu, X., Liu, C., Hua, Q., Wang, X., Li, Y. (2022). Field Application of Mulberry Straw Arch in Ecological Bank Revetment. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(10), 2607–2621.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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