Vol.10, No.11, 2022, pp.2961-2972, doi:10.32604/jrm.2022.019761
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Biocomposites of Polylactic Acid Reinforced by DL-Lactic Acid-Grafted Microfibrillated Cellulose
  • Chaodong Liu, Yutong Yang, Boyu Cui, Weihong Wang*
Key Laboratory of Bio-Based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), Material Science and Engineering College, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, 150040, China
* Corresponding Author: Weihong Wang. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Natural Fibre Composites: Design, Materials Selection and Fabrication)
Received 13 October 2021; Accepted 03 December 2021; Issue published 29 June 2022
Abstract
Microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) is often added to polylactic acid (PLA) matrixes as a reinforcing filler to obtain fully-biodegradable composites with improved mechanical properties. However, the incompatibility between MFC and the PLA matrix limits the mechanical performance of MFC-reinforced PLA composites. In this paper, DL-lactic acid-grafted-MFC (MFC-g-DL) was used to improve the compatibility with PLA. Reinforced composites were prepared by melt extrusion and hot-cold pressing. The tensile strength of the PLA/MFC-g-DL composite increased by 22.1% compared with that of PLA after adding 1% MFC-g-DL. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and dynamic thermomechanical analysis (DMA) were used to explore the enhancement mechanism. The energy dissipation in the MFC network and the improved compatibility between PLA and MFC-g-DL played important roles in the reinforcement. The SEM results showed that there was a closer combination between PLA and MFC-g-DL. The DSC results showed that the addition of cellulose changed the glass transition temperature, melting temperature, and crystallization temperature of PLA. The TG results showed that the initial and maximum decomposition temperature were lower than those of PLA. The ultraviolet spectra showed that the composite had good transparency at a low concentration of MFC-g-DL.
Graphical Abstract
Biocomposites of Polylactic Acid Reinforced by DL-Lactic Acid-Grafted Microfibrillated Cellulose
Keywords
Polylactic acid; microfibrillated cellulose; tensile properties; transparency
Cite This Article
Liu, C., Yang, Y., Cui, B., Wang, W. (2022). Biocomposites of Polylactic Acid Reinforced by DL-Lactic Acid-Grafted Microfibrillated Cellulose. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(11), 2961–2972.
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