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Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study of the Stress Formation Mechanism of FDM with Different Printing Paths

Heping Hou1, Yang Yue1,*, Jian Liu1, Darun Xi2, Shanhui Liu1

1 Faculty of Printing, Packaging Engineering and Digital Media Technology, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an, 710000, China
2 Shaanxi Beiren Printing Machinery Co., Ltd., Weinan, 714000, China

* Corresponding Author: Yang Yue. Email: email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Green, Recycled and Intelligent Technologies in Printing and Packaging)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(1), 273-289.


Environmental contamination has been caused by petroleum-based polymeric materials in the melt deposition process. Nowadays biodegradable materials have been widely used in the fused deposition modeling (FDM) industry, such as polylactic acid (PLA). However, internal complex thermal stress and deformations in part caused by an uneven distribution of PLA filament deposition temperatures during FDM, which will seriously affect the geometric accuracy of the printed part. In order to reduce material waste and environmental pollution during the printing process, the accuracy of PLA part can be improved. Herein, numerical simulation was carried out to investigate the temperature field and stress field during the building and cooling process of cuboid specimens. The effects of printing path on the thermal stress and temperature field during the building process were mainly studied. The results show that the printing path has a significant effect on the stress distribution. The most uniform stress distribution and the smallest deformation were obtained using the Zig Zag printing path. Finally, the residual stress during the cooling process was collected using strain gauges embedded at the mid-plane of the FDM built cuboid specimens. The simulation results are consistent with the experimental results.


Cite This Article

Hou, H., Yue, Y., Liu, J., Xi, D., Liu, S. (2023). Numerical Simulation and Experimental Study of the Stress Formation Mechanism of FDM with Different Printing Paths. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(1), 273–289.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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