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Preparation of Kenaf Biochar and Its Adsorption Properties for Methylene Blue

Xin Wan1,2,#, Zhigang Xia3,4,#, Xiaoli Yang1,2, Chengfeng Zhou2, Yuanming Zhang1,2, Haoxi Ben1,2, Guangting Han1,2, Wei Jiang1,2,*
1 College of Textiles, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266000, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Bio-Fibers and Eco-Textiles, Qingdao University, Qingdao, 266071, China
3 State Key Laboratory of New Textile Materials and Advanced Processing Technologies, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan, 430000, China
4 Key Laboratory of Textile Fiber and Products (Wuhan Textile University), Ministry of Education, Wuhan, 430200, China
* Corresponding Author: Wei Jiang. Email:
# These authors contributed equally to this work
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Biochar Based Materials for a Green Future)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(12), 3391-3404. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021102

Received 28 December 2021; Accepted 18 February 2022; Issue published 14 July 2022

An Erratum to this article was published on 31 October 2022.

The article has been updated

Abstract

The toxic dyestuffs from printing and dyeing wastewater have caused serious damages to the ecological environment, thus exploring effective methods to remove them having become a key topic. Here, a series of biochar samples were synthesized form kenaf to adsorb methylene blue (MB), which was acted as the dye representative for the test of adsorption capacity due to the presence of abundant double bond and aromatic heterocyclic ring. By tuning the raw materials and pyrolysis temperature, a super adsorption capacity about 164.21 mg·g–1 was obtained over the biochar that pyrolyzed at 700°C with the kenaf fiber as raw material. Through the physical adsorption, elemental analysis, FTIR spectra and NH3-TPD, it was found the high surface area and pore volume of biochar played a key role in the adsorption of MB, and the acidic sites would also assist the adsorption process. Besides, the adsorption kinetic model was fitted and calculated, implying the MB physically adsorbed on the biochar rapidly and then occurred chemical adsorption on the acidic sites. In addition, through KBC700 recycling experiments, it was found that kenaf biochar had a good binding force to MB, which effectively avoided secondary pollution. This work provides important insights for the adsorption mechanism of MB by biochar, also offers some guidance for the further synthesis of biochar from various biomass.

Keywords

Kenaf biochar; pyrolysis temperature; adsorption; methylene blue; kinetic analysis

Change history

31 October 2022 The fourth author’s name in the original paper was incorrectly spelled as “Chenfeng Zhou”. The corrected spelling of the fourth author’s name is “Chengfeng Zhou”. The authors apologize for this error, which has now been corrected in the original article.

Cite This Article

Wan, X., Xia, Z., Yang, X., Zhou, C., Zhang, Y. et al. (2022). Preparation of Kenaf Biochar and Its Adsorption Properties for Methylene Blue. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(12), 3391–3404.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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