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Effects of Biowaste-Derived Hydrochar on Anaerobic Digestion: Insights into Hydrochar Characteristics

Hongqiong Zhang1,2,#, Xu Wang3,#, Zhaojing Qian4, Buchun Si1,4,*, Kai Jin5, Tengfei Wang5

1 Key Laboratory of Agricultural Renewable Resource Utilization Technology, College of Engineering, Northeast Agriculture University, Harbin, 150030, China
2 College of Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China
3 College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China
4 Laboratory of Environment-Enhancing Energy (E2E), Key Laboratory of Agricultural Engineering in Structure and Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Water Resources and Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100083, China
5 Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Southwest Jiao Tong University, Chengdu, 611756, China

* Corresponding Author: Buchun Si. Email: email
# Those authors contribute equally

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Biochar Based Materials for a Green Future)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(10), 3647-3657.


Hydrochar prepared with four typical biowastes, pine wood, food waste, digested sewage sludge, and Chlorella were applied for the promotion of anaerobic digestion. The gas production and substrate composition were analyzed associated with the hydrochar characteristics. The results suggested that Chlorella hydrochar (C-C) showed the highest cumulative yield of methane (approximately 345 mL) with high total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiency and low volatile fatty acids (VAFs) concentration. Especially, food waste hydrochar (F-C) showed a poor effect on anaerobic digestion and aroused 1.4–1.6 g/L accumulation of VAFs, in which the toxic components may account for the low efficiency. The C-C and sludge hydrochar (S-C) may develop direct interspecific electron transport (DIET) to facilitate the generation of methane by both surface groups and conductivity of the body structure, unlike pinewood hydrochar (P-C), which mainly depended on the aromatic matrix structure of hydrochar body. This work suggested that C-C can be the best candidate for the facilitation of anaerobic digestion, and N-containing biowaste like algae and lignocellulose like pine wood may establish different DIET pathways based on the physicochemical characteristics of hydrochar.


Cite This Article

Zhang, H., Wang, X., Qian, Z., Si, B., Jin, K. et al. (2023). Effects of Biowaste-Derived Hydrochar on Anaerobic Digestion: Insights into Hydrochar Characteristics. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(10), 3647–3657.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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