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Synthesis and Properties of Rosin-Based Composite Acrylamide Hydrogels

Shuangsheng Zhang, Bin Sun, Siyu Li, Xiangyu Lin, Muhua Chen*, Xu Xu*
Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center of Efficient Processing and Utilization of Forest Resources, Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory for the Chemistry and Utilization of Agro–Forest Biomass, College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, China
* Corresponding Authors: Muhua Chen. Email: ; Xu Xu. Email:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(2), 853-865. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.022901

Received 31 March 2022; Accepted 06 May 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022

Abstract

Hydrogels have been widely applied in agricultural drought-resistance, pollution regulation, drug delivery and so on. Acrylamide (AM) is usually used as raw material to synthesize acrylamide hydrogels. However, inherently low mechanical strength greatly limits their applications in some special areas. Therefore, it is necessary to choose suitable functional monomers to optimize acrylamide hydrogels and improve their mechanical performances. In this paper, a novel acrylamide monomer modified by rosin was synthesized, and then polyacrylamide/rosin-based acrylamide (RAM) composite hydrogels were prepared via free radical polymerization using potassium persulfate as initiator, N, N′-methylene-bisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. The influence of RAM monomer was investigated in detail. The chemical structure, pore structure, swelling properties, thermal performances and mechanical properties of composite hydrogels were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometer (FT-IR), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and universal testing, respectively. The results showed that the thermal stability and mechanical property of RAM hydrogels were improved significantly. The compressive strength of RAM hydrogels was increased to 3.5 times than that of AM hydrogels, and the tensile strength was 5.1 times compared with AM hydrogels as well. Moreover, RAM hydrogels exhibited a faster initial swelling rate due to the new pore structure formed after introducing the RAM monomer.

Graphical Abstract

Synthesis and Properties of Rosin-Based Composite Acrylamide Hydrogels

Keywords

Hydrogel; rosin; swelling property; mechanical property; thermal stability

Cite This Article

Zhang, S., Sun, B., Li, S., Lin, X., Chen, M. et al. (2023). Synthesis and Properties of Rosin-Based Composite Acrylamide Hydrogels. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(2), 853–865.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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