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Exploring the Mechanical Properties, Shrinkage and Compensation Mechanism of Cement Stabilized Macadam-Steel Slag from Multiple Perspectives

Wei Zhang1, Mulian Zheng1,*, Yifeng Li2, Wuxi Zheng3

1 Key Laboratory for Special Area Highway Engineering of Ministry of Education, Chang’an University, Xi’an, 710064, China
2 Rizhao Transportation Management Center, Rizhao, 27680, China
3 Central-South Safety & Environment Technology Institute Co., Ltd., Wuhan, 43000, China

* Corresponding Author: Mulian Zheng. Email: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(5), 2513-2529.


Steel slag is characterized by high strength, good wear resistance and micro-expansion. This study aims at exploring the potential of steel slag in cement stabilized aggregates, mainly including mechanical properties, shrinkage and compensation mechanisms. For this purpose, the compressive strength and compressive resilient modulus of cement stabilized aggregates with different steel slag contents (CSMS) were initially investigated. Subsequently, the effects of steel slag and cement on dry shrinkage, temperature shrinkage, and total shrinkage were analyzed through a series of shrinkage test designs. Additionally, in combination with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscope (SEM), the characteristic peaks and microscopic images of cement, steel slag and cement-steel slag at different hydration ages were analyzed to identify the chemical substances causing the expansion volume of steel slag and reveal the compensation mechanism of CSMS. The results show that the introduction of 20% steel slag improved the mechanical properties of CSMS by 16.7%, reduced dry shrinkage by 21%, increased temperature shrinkage by 5.8% and reduced its total shrinkage by 19.2%. Compared with the hydration reaction of cement alone, the composite hydration reaction of steel slag with cement does not produce new hydrates. Furthermore, it is noteworthy that the volume expansion of the f-CaO hydration reaction in steel slag can compensate for the volume shrinkage of cement-stabilized macadam. This research can provide a solid theoretical basis for the application and promotion of steel slag in cement-stabilized macadam and reduce the possibility of shrinkage cracking.


Cite This Article

Zhang, W., Zheng, M., Li, Y., Zheng, W. (2023). Exploring the Mechanical Properties, Shrinkage and Compensation Mechanism of Cement Stabilized Macadam-Steel Slag from Multiple Perspectives. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(5), 2513–2529.

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