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Potential of Thai Bast Fibers for Injection Molded PLA Composites

Nina Graupner1,*, Thiprada Poonsawat2, Koranat Narkpiban3,4, Jörg Müssig1

1 The Biological Materials Group, Department of Biomimetics, HSB-City University of Applied Sciences, Bremen, D-28199, Germany
2 Department of Botany, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen, Nakhon Pathom, 73140, Thailand
3 Bioproduct Science, Department of Science, Faculty of Liberal Art and Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen, Nakhon Pathom, 73140, Thailand
4 Department of Science and Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Tawan-Ok, Chonburi, 20110, Thailand

* Corresponding Author: Nina Graupner. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Natural Fibre Composites: Design, Materials Selection and Fabrication)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(5), 2279-2300. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.025529

Abstract

Thailand has a huge variability of bast fiber plants, some of which have been little researched regarding their applicability in composites. Bast fiber(bundle)s from different species were investigated and incorporated into a polylactide (PLA) matrix by injection molding. Hemp and kenaf were used as well-studied fibers, while roselle, Fryxell and paper mulberry are less extensively characterized. Tensile strength, tensile modulus and interfacial shear strength (IFSS) of single fiber(bundle)s were highest for hemp, followed by kenaf, roselle, Fryxell and paper mulberry. Despite the lower tensile strength and IFSS of paper mulberry, the highest tensile strength was achieved for the paper mulberry/PLA composite followed by hemp/PLA. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analyses showed that the single cells in paper mulberry fiber bundles, in contrast to the other fiber types investigated, were only partially bonded to each other, which explains the lower strength of the fiber bundles. The higher aspect ratio of fiber(bundle)s of paper mulberry in the PLA composite can explain the good composite characteristics. Apart from hemp, paper mulberry shows the best reinforcing effect in the PLA matrix and offers interesting potential for composite applications. Compared to neat PLA, the tensile strength could be increased by 24% and the tensile modulus by 54%.

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Potential of Thai Bast Fibers for Injection Molded PLA Composites

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APA Style
Graupner, N., Poonsawat, T., Narkpiban, K., Müssig, J. (2023). Potential of thai bast fibers for injection molded PLA composites. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(5), 2279-2300. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.025529
Vancouver Style
Graupner N, Poonsawat T, Narkpiban K, Müssig J. Potential of thai bast fibers for injection molded PLA composites. J Renew Mater. 2023;11(5):2279-2300 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.025529
IEEE Style
N. Graupner, T. Poonsawat, K. Narkpiban, and J. Müssig "Potential of Thai Bast Fibers for Injection Molded PLA Composites," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 2279-2300. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.025529



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