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Fabrication of Core-Shell Hydrogel Bead Based on Sodium Alginate and Chitosan for Methylene Blue Adsorption

Xiaoyu Chen*

School of Material Engineering, Jinling Institute of Technology, Nanjing, 211169, China

* Corresponding Author: Xiaoyu Chen. Email: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2024, 12(4), 815-826. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048470

Abstract

A novel core-shell hydrogel bead was fabricated for effective removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solutions. The core, made of sodium alginate-g-polyacrylamide and attapulgite nanofibers, was cross-linked by Calcium ions (Ca). The shell, composed of a chitosan/activated carbon mixture, was then coated onto the core. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed the grafting polymerization of acrylamide onto sodium alginate. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the core-shell structure. The core exhibited a high water uptake ratio, facilitating the diffusion of methylene blue into the core. During the diffusion process, the methylene blue was first adsorbed by the shell and then further adsorbed by the core. Adsorption tests showed that the core-shell structure had a larger adsorption capacity than the core alone. The shell effectively enhanced the adsorption capacity to methylene blue compared to the single core. Methylene blue was adsorbed by activated carbon and chitosan in the shell, and the residual methylene blue diffused into the core and was further adsorbed.

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Fabrication of Core-Shell Hydrogel Bead Based on Sodium Alginate and Chitosan for Methylene Blue Adsorption

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Chen, X. (2024). Fabrication of core-shell hydrogel bead based on sodium alginate and chitosan for methylene blue adsorption. Journal of Renewable Materials, 12(4), 815-826. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048470
Vancouver Style
Chen X. Fabrication of core-shell hydrogel bead based on sodium alginate and chitosan for methylene blue adsorption. J Renew Mater. 2024;12(4):815-826 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048470
IEEE Style
X. Chen, "Fabrication of Core-Shell Hydrogel Bead Based on Sodium Alginate and Chitosan for Methylene Blue Adsorption," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 815-826. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.048470



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