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Preparation of Peanut Shell Cellulose Double-Network Hydrogel and Its Adsorption Capacity for Methylene Blue

Yalin Li1,*, Lei Liu1, Wenbao Huang1, Junpu Xie2, Zhaoxia Song1, Shuna Guo1, Enci Wang1

1 Department of College of Environment and Bioengineering, Henan University of Engineering, Zhengzhou, 451191, China
2 School of Mathematics and Statistics, Carleton University, Ontario, K1S 5B6, Canada

* Corresponding Author: Yalin Li. Email: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(7), 3001-3023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.026604

Abstract

To achieve optimal recovery and value-added utilisation of cellulose in peanut shells, the cellulose in peanut shells was first extracted using the sodium hydroxide-sodium chlorite method. Then, cellulose hydrogel was prepared by graft copolymerisation using N, N’-methylenebisacrylamide as the cross-linking agent, sodium persulfate as the initiator, and acrylic acid as the monomer. Orthogonal optimisation experiments were designed to obtain optimal process parameters for hydrogel preparation with the cellulose dosage of 0.40 g, initiator dosage of 0.20 g, polymerisation temperature of 70°C, cross-linking agent of 0.25 g, and monomer dosage of 3.0 mL. The effect of initiator dosage on hydrogel synthesis was the most significant, followed by monomer dosage and reaction temperature. Characterisation using X-ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy revealed that the hydrogel was amorphous and exhibited a distinct three-dimensional double network structure. Hydrogel swelling kinetic analysis showed that the hydrogel swelling process was divided into three stages, and fitted the Schott secondary swelling kinetic model. The prepared hydrogel had a good adsorption effect on methylene blue; the adsorption of methylene blue by the hydrogel was 1.259 mg/g at 25°C when the initial concentration of methylene blue was 5 mg/L. The adsorption kinetics of the hydrogel fit the pseudo-first-order kinetic model, pseudo-second-order kinetic model, Eovich model and particle diffusion model. The best fitting effect was obtained with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption isotherm analysis of methylene blue on hydrogel showed that the adsorption process was consistent with Langmuir and Freundlich models. The correlation coefficient of the Freundlich isotherm model was higher, indicating that the adsorption of methylene blue on hydrogel was mainly chemisorption.

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Preparation of Peanut Shell Cellulose Double-Network Hydrogel and Its Adsorption Capacity for Methylene Blue

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APA Style
Li, Y., Liu, L., Huang, W., Xie, J., Song, Z. et al. (2023). Preparation of peanut shell cellulose double-network hydrogel and its adsorption capacity for methylene blue. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(7), 3001-3023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.026604
Vancouver Style
Li Y, Liu L, Huang W, Xie J, Song Z, Guo S, et al. Preparation of peanut shell cellulose double-network hydrogel and its adsorption capacity for methylene blue. J Renew Mater. 2023;11(7):3001-3023 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.026604
IEEE Style
Y. Li et al., "Preparation of Peanut Shell Cellulose Double-Network Hydrogel and Its Adsorption Capacity for Methylene Blue," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 3001-3023. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.026604



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