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Characterization of Potential Cellulose from Hylocereus Polyrhizus (Dragon Fruit) peel: A Study on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties

Nurul Hanan Taharuddin1, Ridhwan Jumaidin2,*, Muhd Ridzuan Mansor1, Fahmi Asyadi Md Yusof3, Roziela Hanim Alamjuri4,*

1 Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Melaka, Malaysia
2 Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Melaka, Malaysia
3 UNIKL MICET, Taboh Naning, Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia
4 Faculty of Tropical Forestry, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, Sabah, Malaysia

* Corresponding Authors: Ridhwan Jumaidin. Email: email; Roziela Hanim Alamjuri. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Bio-Fibres, Biopolymers and Biocomposites – Design for Sustainability, Life Cycle Analysis, Concurrent Materials and Conceptual Design Selection)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(1), 131-145. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021528

Abstract

The strict environmental regulations to overcome the drawbacks of consumption and disposal of non-renewable synthetic materials have motivated this investigation. The physical, chemical, morphological, and thermal properties of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder obtained from the raw materials were examined in this study. The physical properties analyzes of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder discovered that the moisture content, density, and water holding capacity were 9.70%, 0.45 g/cm3 , and 98.60%, respectively. Meanwhile, the chemical composition analysis of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder revealed that the powder was significantly high in cellulose contents (34.35%) from other bio-peel wastes. The crystallinity index of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder was 32.76%, according to further X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The thermal stability of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder was examined using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and found thermally stable at 204°C. The morphological study via scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed a shriveled and irregular geometry surface. Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder demonstrated the peak in the range representing the major functional groups responsible for pectin’s properties. Thus, the findings revealed that the Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder has the potential for the development of biodegradable and renewable materials.

Graphical Abstract

Characterization of Potential Cellulose from <i>Hylocereus Polyrhizus</i> (Dragon Fruit) peel: A Study on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Taharuddin, N.H., Jumaidin, R., Mansor, M.R., Yusof, F.A.M., Alamjuri, R.H. (2023). Characterization of potential cellulose from <i>hylocereus polyrhizus</i> (dragon fruit) peel: A study on physicochemical and thermal properties. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(1), 131-145. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021528
Vancouver Style
Taharuddin NH, Jumaidin R, Mansor MR, Yusof FAM, Alamjuri RH. Characterization of potential cellulose from <i>hylocereus polyrhizus</i> (dragon fruit) peel: A study on physicochemical and thermal properties. J Renew Mater. 2023;11(1):131-145 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021528
IEEE Style
N.H. Taharuddin, R. Jumaidin, M.R. Mansor, F.A.M. Yusof, and R.H. Alamjuri "Characterization of Potential Cellulose from <i>Hylocereus Polyrhizus</i> (Dragon Fruit) peel: A Study on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 131-145. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.021528



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