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Chemical Modification of Cassava Starch by Transesterification Using Vegetable Oil/Aluminum Chloride

A.G. Gouater Issola1, A. Ngueteu Kamlo2, A.M. Cheumani Yona1,*, M. Kor Ndikontar1

Macromolecular Research Team, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé 1, P.O. 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Department of Chemistry, École Normale Supérieure, University of Yaoundé 1, P.O. Box 47 Yaoundé, Cameroon

*Corresponding author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2018, 6(6), 642-650. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2018.634108

Abstract

Chemical modification of cassava starch by transesterification of a vegetable oil (palm kernel oil) using aluminum chloride as a Lewis acid catalyst was achieved under relatively mild conditions (temperature 60–110 °C; atmospheric pressure). The reaction was carried out without any additional solvent. The modified starch was characterized by degree of substitution (DS), FTIR, X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis. DS of 0.09 to 0.53 were obtained. The cassava starch presented an X-ray diffraction pattern of a type A starch. X-ray analyses showed that the reaction did not significantly affect the crystallinity of starch. The modified starch films (MStF) adsorbed less water than the reference native starch film (NStF) at all the relative humidities investigated. The MStF were also less soluble in water. The tensile tests showed an increase of the strength and a decrease of the flexibility of MStF compared to the reference NStF. The results showed that this chemical route could be used to increase the water resistance of starch-based materials.

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Issola, A.G., Kamlo, A.N., Yona, A.C., Ndikontar, M.K. (2018). Chemical modification of cassava starch by transesterification using vegetable oil/aluminum chloride. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(6), 642-650. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2018.634108
Vancouver Style
Issola AG, Kamlo AN, Yona AC, Ndikontar MK. Chemical modification of cassava starch by transesterification using vegetable oil/aluminum chloride. J Renew Mater. 2018;6(6):642-650 https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2018.634108
IEEE Style
A.G. Issola, A.N. Kamlo, A.C. Yona, and M.K. Ndikontar "Chemical Modification of Cassava Starch by Transesterification Using Vegetable Oil/Aluminum Chloride," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 642-650. 2018. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2018.634108



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