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Improving Interfacial Adhesion of PLA/Lignin Composites by One-Step Solvent-Free Modification Method

Ningning Wang1, Caili Zhang1,2,*, Wenqin Zhu3, Yunxuan Weng1,2,*

1 School of Materials and Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, 100048, China
2 Beijing Key Laboratory of Quality Evaluation Technology for Hygiene and Safety of Plastics, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing, 100048, China
3 Petrochemical Research Institute, PetroChina, Beijing, 102206, China

* Corresponding Authors: Caili Zhang. Email: email; Yunxuan Weng. Email: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2020, 8(9), 1139-1149. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2020.09961

Abstract

To clarify the effects of lignin as a biodegradable filler added into the PLA matrix, PLA/lignin composites with or without silane coupling agent of γ- (2,3-epoxypropoxy)propy trimethoxysilane (KH560) were prepared by a one-step solvent-free modification method. The effects of KH560 as a compatibilizer on the morphology, chemical structure, crystallization behavior, thermal degradative behavior as well as mechanical strength of the PLA/lignin composites were analyzed in detail. It was found that, after modification by KH560, the fractured surfaces of composites became smooth, suggested sufficient bonding between the lignin and PLA in the composites with KH560 coupling agent molecules. This result further proved by 1H NMR and ATR spectra of the composites that lignin and PLA formed stable chemical bonds with KH560. Due to the toughening effect of KH560, mainly affect the molecular chain mobility, the thermodynamic properties of LG-KH560/PLA composites were all reduced. When compared to the conventional solution modification method of adding silane coupling agents into PLA/lignin, the composites were synthesized via a single-step reactive extrusion modification procedure in this work showed relatively low tensile strength, which mainly because the existence of the free radicals due to coupling agents result in the composite’s deterioration and subsequent weakening of the tensile properties.

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APA Style
Wang, N., Zhang, C., Zhu, W., Weng, Y. (2020). Improving interfacial adhesion of pla/lignin composites by one-step solvent-free modification method. Journal of Renewable Materials, 8(9), 1139-1149. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2020.09961
Vancouver Style
Wang N, Zhang C, Zhu W, Weng Y. Improving interfacial adhesion of pla/lignin composites by one-step solvent-free modification method. J Renew Mater. 2020;8(9):1139-1149 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2020.09961
IEEE Style
N. Wang, C. Zhang, W. Zhu, and Y. Weng "Improving Interfacial Adhesion of PLA/Lignin Composites by One-Step Solvent-Free Modification Method," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1139-1149. 2020. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2020.09961

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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