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Ring Artifacts Reduction in CBCT: Pixels Detection and Patch Based Correction

Haitong Zhao1, Yi Li1, Shouhua Luo1,*
School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
* Corresponding Author: Shouhua Luo. Email: .

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2019, 16(4), 265-273. https://doi.org/10.32604/mcb.2019.07381

Abstract

The ring artifacts introduced by the defective pixels with non-linear responses in the high-resolution detector, have a great impact on subsequent processing and quantitative analysis of the reconstructed images. In this paper, a multistep method is proposed to suppress the ring artifacts of micro CT images, which firstly locates the positions of the defective pixels in the sinogram, and then corrects the corresponding value in the projections. Since the defective pixels always appear as vertical stripes in the sinogram, a horizontal curve is derived by summing the pixel values along vertical direction, thus the abrupt segments related to the defective stripes are enhanced notably, and a proportion coefficient based on the second derivative of the curve is taken as the indicator for the position and the severity of the defective pixels. Then, the detected defective pixels in the sinogram are transferred and relocated in the projections, an improved 3D block matching filtering (BM3D) algorithm is applied to restore the defective pixels in corresponding projection images. In the end, the tomographic images are reconstructed from the corrected projections. In the experiment, a small piece of the motherwort’s rhizome and a part of a mouse’s lung are imaged by micro-CT, and the result shows that, compared with the other four state-of-art methods, the proposed method has a great reduction on the ring artifacts of the reconstructed images, and makes less impact in spatial resolution and contrast in the same time.

Keywords

Ring artifacts, defective pixels, micro CT, BM3D, image inpainting

Cite This Article

Zhao, H., Li, Y., Luo, S. (2019). Ring Artifacts Reduction in CBCT: Pixels Detection and Patch Based Correction. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 16(4), 265–273.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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