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MicroRNA-373 Promotes Growth and Cellular Invasion in Osteosarcoma Cells by Activation of the PI3K/AKT–Rac1–JNK Pathway: The Potential Role in Spinal Osteosarcoma

Yufeng Liu*, Zhengliang Cheng, Feng Pan, Weigang Yan§

* Spinal Surgery Dept1, Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Zhengzhou, P.R. China
† The First Department of Orthopedics, Ankang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ankang, P.R. China
‡ Department of Acupuncture and Physiotherapy, Maternal and Child Health Care of Zaozhuang, Zaozhuang, P.R. China
§ Spinal Surgery Dept4, Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Orthopedic Hospital of Henan Province, Luoyang, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2017, 25(6), 989-999. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14813867762123

Abstract

Spinal osteosarcoma (OS) has been proven to be more difficult to treat owing to potently malignant metastasis. The present study aimed to explore the functional role of microRNA (miR)-373 in cell growth and invasion of OS cells, as well as its underlying mechanism. The expression of miR-373 was analyzed in spinal OS tissues and cell lines. MG-63 cells were transfected with the miR-373 mimic or inhibitor and/or treated with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) (LY294002) inhibitor or Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac) guanosine triphosphate (GTPase) (NSC23766) inhibitor, and then the impact of miR-373 aberrant expression on cell growth and invasion was measured, along with the impact of overexpressing miR-373 on the expression of p53 and PI3K/AKT pathway-related proteins. We found that miR-373 was specifically upregulated in spinal OS tissues (p<0.01) and OS cell lines (p<0.01 or p<0.001). Moreover, miR-373 expression was significantly associated with TNM stage (p = 0.035) and tumor size ( p = 0.002). Overexpression of miR-373 promoted MG-63 cell viability, migration, invasion, and colony formation (all p<0.05), while silencing of miR-373 and LY294002 exerted the opposite effects. Additionally, miR-373 overexpression downregulated p53 as well as its downstream targeted genes and orderly activated the PI3K/AKT–Rac1–JNK signaling pathway. In conclusion, miR-373 promotes growth and cellular invasion in OS cells by activating the PI3K/AKT–Rac1–JNK pathway. Therefore, miR-373 might be a candidate for molecular targeted therapy of spinal OS.

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APA Style
Liu, Y., Cheng, Z., Pan, F., Yan, W. (2017). Microrna-373 promotes growth and cellular invasion in osteosarcoma cells by activation of the pi3k/akt–rac1–jnk pathway: the potential role in spinal osteosarcoma. Oncology Research, 25(6), 989-999. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14813867762123
Vancouver Style
Liu Y, Cheng Z, Pan F, Yan W. Microrna-373 promotes growth and cellular invasion in osteosarcoma cells by activation of the pi3k/akt–rac1–jnk pathway: the potential role in spinal osteosarcoma. Oncol Res. 2017;25(6):989-999 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14813867762123
IEEE Style
Y. Liu, Z. Cheng, F. Pan, and W. Yan "MicroRNA-373 Promotes Growth and Cellular Invasion in Osteosarcoma Cells by Activation of the PI3K/AKT–Rac1–JNK Pathway: The Potential Role in Spinal Osteosarcoma," Oncol. Res., vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 989-999. 2017. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504016X14813867762123



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