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Increased Expression of Cullin 3 in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and Knockdown Inhibits Proliferation and Invasion

Ruifang Zeng, Guolin Tan, Wei Li, Yanhong Ma

Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2018, 26(1), 111-122. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14924753593574

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the clinical significance of cullin 3 expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), as well as to explore the regulatory mechanism of cullin 3 underlying the growth and metastasis of NPC cells. Our findings showed that the expression levels of cullin 3 were significantly increased in both NPC tissues and cell lines. A strong positive correlation was found between cullin 3 expression and the Ki-67-based proliferation index in NPC tissues. Moreover, cullin 3 overexpression was correlated with local relapse and distant metastasis in NPC patients. In vitro experiments showed that knockdown of cullin 3 caused a significant reduction in the proliferation of NPC cells, probably by inducing cell cycle arrest. In addition, downregulation of cullin 3 inhibited colony formation and the migratory and invasive capacities of NPC cells. The expression levels of PCNA and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins were also meditated by cullin 3 in NPC cells. Based on these findings, we demonstrated that cullin 3 plays a promoting role in the malignant progression of NPC and suggest that the cullin 3-based ubiquitin proteasome pathway may be used as a promising therapeutic target for NPC.

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APA Style
Zeng, R., Tan, G., Li, W., Ma, Y. (2018). Increased expression of cullin 3 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and knockdown inhibits proliferation and invasion. Oncology Research, 26(1), 111-122. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14924753593574
Vancouver Style
Zeng R, Tan G, Li W, Ma Y. Increased expression of cullin 3 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and knockdown inhibits proliferation and invasion. Oncol Res. 2018;26(1):111-122 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14924753593574
IEEE Style
R. Zeng, G. Tan, W. Li, and Y. Ma "Increased Expression of Cullin 3 in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma and Knockdown Inhibits Proliferation and Invasion," Oncol. Res., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 111-122. 2018. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X14924753593574



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