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A Combined Chemical, Computational, and In Vitro Approach Identifies SBL-105 as Novel DHODH Inhibitor in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells

Hossam Kamli*, Gaffar S. Zaman*, Ahmad Shaikh*, Abdullah A. Mobarki, Prasanna Rajagopalan*‡

* Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
† Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
‡ Central Research Laboratory, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Oncology Research 2020, 28(9), 899-911. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16281573507558

Abstract

Inhibition of the dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) has been successful at the preclinical level in controlling myeloid leukemia. However, poor clinical trials warrant the search for new potent DHODH inhibitors. Herein we present a novel DHODH inhibitor SBL-105 effective against myeloid leukemia. Chemical characteristics were identified by 1 H NMR, 13C NMR, and mass spectroscopy. Virtual docking and molecular dynamic simulation analysis were performed using the automated protocol with AutoDock-VINA, GROMACS program. Human-recombinant (rh) DHODH was used for enzyme inhibition study. THP-1, TF-1, HL-60, and SKM-1 cell lines were used. MTT assay was used to assess cell viability. Flow cytometry was employed for cell cycle, apoptosis, and differentiation analysis. Chemical analysis identified the compound to be 3-benzylidene-6,7- benz-chroman-4-one (SBL-105). The compound showed high binding efficacy toward DHODH with a DGbinding score of −10.9 kcal/mol. Trajectory analysis indicated conserved interactions of SBL-105–DHODH to be stable throughout the 200-ns simulation. SBL-105 inhibited rh DHODH with an IC50 value of 48.48 nM. The GI50 values of SBL-105 in controlling THP-1, TF-1, HL-60, and SKM-1 cell proliferations were 60.66, 45.33, 73.98, and 86.01 nM, respectively. A dose-dependent increase in S-phase cell cycle arrest and total apoptosis was observed by SBL-105 treatment in both cell types, which were reversed in the presence of uridine. The compound also increased the differentiation marker CD11b-positive populations in both THP-1 and TF-1 cells, which were decreased under uridine influence. SBL-105, a novel DHODH inhibitor, identified using computational and in vitro analysis, was effective in controlling AML cells and needs attention for further preclinical developments.

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APA Style
Kamli, H., Zaman, G.S., Shaikh, A., Mobarki, A.A., Rajagopalan, P. (2020). A combined chemical, computational, and in vitro approach identifies SBL-105 as novel DHODH inhibitor in acute myeloid leukemia cells. Oncology Research, 28(9), 899-911. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16281573507558
Vancouver Style
Kamli H, Zaman GS, Shaikh A, Mobarki AA, Rajagopalan P. A combined chemical, computational, and in vitro approach identifies SBL-105 as novel DHODH inhibitor in acute myeloid leukemia cells. Oncol Res. 2020;28(9):899-911 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16281573507558
IEEE Style
H. Kamli, G.S. Zaman, A. Shaikh, A.A. Mobarki, and P. Rajagopalan "A Combined Chemical, Computational, and In Vitro Approach Identifies SBL-105 as Novel DHODH Inhibitor in Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells," Oncol. Res., vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 899-911. 2020. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16281573507558



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