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High-throughput computational screening and in vitro evaluation identifies 5-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl)-2-[3-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl) phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (C3), as a novel EGFR—HER2 dual inhibitor in gastric tumors

MESFER AL SHAHRANI, REEM GAHTANI, MOHAMMAD ABOHASSAN, MOHAMMAD ALSHAHRANI, YASSER ALRAEY, AYED DERA, MOHAMMAD RAJEH ASIRI, PRASANNA RAJAGOPALAN*

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

* Corresponding Author: PRASANNA RAJAGOPALAN. Email: email

Oncology Research 2024, 32(2), 251-259. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2023.043139

Abstract

Gastric cancers are caused primarily due to the activation and amplification of the EGFR or HER2 kinases resulting in cell proliferation, adhesion, angiogenesis, and metastasis. Conventional therapies are ineffective due to the intra-tumoral heterogeneity and concomitant genetic mutations. Hence, dual inhibition strategies are recommended to increase potency and reduce cytotoxicity. In this study, we have conducted computational high-throughput screening of the ChemBridge library followed by in vitro assays and identified novel selective inhibitors that have a dual impediment of EGFR/HER2 kinase activities. Diversity-based High-throughput Virtual Screening (D-HTVS) was used to screen the whole ChemBridge small molecular library against EGFR and HER2. The atomistic molecular dynamic simulation was conducted to understand the dynamics and stability of the protein-ligand complexes. EGFR/HER2 kinase enzymes, KATOIII, and Snu-5 cells were used for in vitro validations. The atomistic Molecular Dynamics simulations followed by solvent-based Gibbs binding free energy calculation of top molecules, identified compound C3 (5-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl)-2-[3-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl) phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione) to have a good affinity for both EGFR and HER2. The predicted compound, C3, was promising with better binding energy, good binding pose, and optimum interactions with the EGFR and HER2 residues. C3 inhibited EGFR and HER2 kinases with IC50 values of 37.24 and 45.83 nM, respectively. The GI50 values of C3 to inhibit KATOIII and Snu-5 cells were 84.76 and 48.26 nM, respectively. Based on these findings, we conclude that the identified compound C3 showed a conceivable dual inhibitory activity on EGFR/HER2 kinase, and therefore can be considered as a plausible lead-like molecule for treating gastric cancers with minimal side effects, though testing in higher models with pharmacokinetic approach is required.

Graphical Abstract

High-throughput computational screening and <i>in vitro</i> evaluation identifies 5-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl)-2-[3-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl) phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (C3), as a novel EGFR—HER2 dual inhibitor in gastric tumors

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Cite This Article

SHAHRANI, M. A., GAHTANI, R., ABOHASSAN, M., ALSHAHRANI, M., ALRAEY, Y. et al. (2024). High-throughput computational screening and in vitro evaluation identifies 5-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl)-2-[3-(4-oxo-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-yl) phenyl]-1H-isoindole-1,3(2H)-dione (C3), as a novel EGFR—HER2 dual inhibitor in gastric tumors. Oncology Research, 32(2), 251–259. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2023.043139



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