Home / Journals / PHYTON / Online First / doi:10.32604/phyton.2022.016512

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Mycorrhiza and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria: Potential Bioagents for Sustainable Phosphorus Management in Agriculture

Fazli Wahid1, Muhammad Sharif2, Shah Fahad3, Amjad Ali4, Muhammad Adnan1, Rafiullah1, Shah Saud5, Subhan Danish6,*, Muhammad Arif Ali6, Niaz Ahmed6, Hüseyin Arslan7, Doğan Arslan8, Murat Erman8, Ayman EL Sabagh8,9,*, Fatemeh Gholizadeh10, Rahul Datta11
1 Department of Agriculture, University of Swabi, Swabi, 23561, Pakistan
2 Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, 25130, Pakistan
3 Department of Agronomy, The University of Haripur, Haripur, 22620, Pakistan
4 School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, 710055, China
5 Department of Horticulture, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, 150030, China
6 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, 60800, Pakistan
7 Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran Üniversity, Osmanbey Campus, Şanliurfa, 63050, Turkey
8 Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Siirt, 56100, Turkey
9 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh, 33156, Egypt
10 Department of Plant Production and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, 66177-15175, Iran
11 Department of Geology and Pedology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, 61300, Czech Republic
* Corresponding Authors: Subhan Danish. Email: sd96850@gmail.com; Ayman EL Sabagh. Email: ayman.elsabagh@agr.kfs.edu.eg

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2022.016512

Received 14 March 2021; Accepted 31 May 2021; Published online 24 August 2021


Phosphorus (P) is a critical nutrient that plays an essential role in improving soil fertility for optimum plant growth and productivity. It is one of the most deficient macro-nutrients in agricultural soils after nitrogen and is considered inadequate for plant growth and production. To P availability in soils, the farmers are applying huge amounts of synthetic P fertilizers that adversely affect the wider environment, groundwater, soil fertility and microbial population. Many beneficial microbes are known to release and supply soluble P for improving growth and yield of a variety of plants in a sustainable manner in P deficient soils. Thus, inoculation of these microbes, including arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) to soil to enhance crop production without harming the environment, is an alternative approach to chemical fertilizers. The combined role of AMF and PSB in P solubilization is not well understood and the application and mode of action of these microbial groups are often naive due to variation in the environment. Therefore, the current review article would develop a better understanding of the interactive role and mechanisms of AMF and PSB in improving P availability from both organic and inorganic sources in a sustainable crop production system. Finally, the current review would loop out further avenues for researchers interested to commercially produce effective AMF and PSB-based biofertilizers for sustainable management of phosphorus over a wide range of agricultural crops worldwide.


Beneficial microbes; soil inoculation; phosphorus; mineralization; crop production
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