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Lilium sp. response to phosphorus and its relationship with Glomus fasciculatum and Bacillus subtilis

Rubí Arriaga1 M, A González Huerta2, AM Castillo González3, V Olalde Portugal4, BG Reyes5, LI Aguilera Gómez6
Programa de Maestría y Doctorado en Ciencias Agropecuarias y Recursos Naturales, Campus Universitario El Cerrillo, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México (UAEMEX). Toluca, Estado de México, Km. 15 Carretera Toluca-Ixtlahuaca, México.
Facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados en Fitomejoramiento, UAEMEX.
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo. Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco.
Laboratorio de Bioquímica Ecológica, CINVESTAV, IPN-Unidad Irapuato.
Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Rurales (ICAR), UAEMEX, México
Facultad de Ciencias, UAEMEX.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Martín Rubí Arriaga, e-mail: . Teléfono + 52 (723) 1451083 y (722) 29 65518. Ext. 148.

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2009, 78(all), 91-100. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2009.78.091

Abstract

Among commercial plants utilized in floriculture in Mexico State, Lilium species have a great production volume, with problems associated with high use of chemical fertilizers, soil salinity and water pollution. Sustainable strategies are required to minimize impacts on the ecosystem without diminishing quality products. Main effects and the interactions of phosphorous, Glomus fasciculatum and Bacillus subtilis were evaluated under greenhouse conditions. Twelve treatments arranged in a 2x3x2 factorial with 10 replications by treatment were studied. Results showed that G. fasciculatum combined with 22 μg/ml P and B. subtilis had a positive correlation with root colonization, root dry weight, stem diameter, shoot dry weight, flowering period, flower diameter, petal width, flower dry weight, flower lifespan, net photosynthetic rate and tissue contents of Zn, Cu and Fe. Results indicate that study rhizospheric microorganisms can positively interact to promote growth and development of Lilium plants, thus improving commercial flower quality, saving chemical fertilizers and protecting soil resources.

Keywords

Lilium, flower quality, Bacillus subtilis, Phosphorus, Glomus fasciculatum.

Cite This Article

Arriaga, R., González, A. C., Portugal, V. O., Reyes, B., Gómez, L. A. (2009). Lilium sp. response to phosphorus and its relationship with Glomus fasciculatum and Bacillus subtilis. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 78(all), 91–100.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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