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Smudge and other diseases of onion caused by Colletotrichum circinans, in southern Argentina

Kiehr M1, R Delhey1, A Azpilicueta2

Dto. de Agronomía, Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
CAMBRICO BIOTECH S.L., Sevilla, Spain.

* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Mirta Kiehr, e-mail: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2012, 81(all), 161-164.


While studying the etiology of onion diseases in southern Argentina, a coelomycetous fungus was found associated with diverse disease expressions. They included the typical smudge symptoms in white onion bulbs in local markets as well as field infections on yellow- and red-coloured cultivars, with severe infections on transplants in the seed-bed. The fungus was isolated and identified as Colletotrichum circinans on the basis of its morphological, morphometric, biological and pathological characteristics. Two isolates, obtained from white bulbs and from transplants, were inoculated on bulbs of white and yellow-coloured cultivars and produced the typical smudge symptoms on the outer scales. Koch´s postulates were fulfilled by re-isolating the inoculated fungus. This is the first record of C. circinans in southern Argentina and the first observation of the disease in the field in this country.


Cite This Article

M, K., Delhey, R., Azpilicueta, A. (2012). Smudge and other diseases of onion caused by Colletotrichum circinans, in southern Argentina. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 81(all), 161–164.


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