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Role of macroalgae in biomonitoring of pollution in «Marchica», the Nador lagoon

Ben Chekroun K1, A Moumen1, N Rezzoum2, E Sánchez3, M Baghour1
Observatoire de la Lagune de Marchica de Nador et Région Limitrophes (OLMAN-RL), Faculté Pluridisciplinaire de Nador, Université Mohamed Premier, BP 62700, Séloune, Nador, Morocco.
Institut National de Recherche Halieutique – Nador, Morocco.
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A. C. Av. 4ta. Sur 3820, Fracc. Vencedores del Desierto. Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua. CP 33089, México.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Mourad Baghour, Tel.: +212658605797; Fax: +212536609147; e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2013, 82(all), 31-34. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2013.82.031

Abstract

The Aquatic system contamination by organic pollutants and heavy metals is one of the most serious problems that might face the environment and organisms as a whole. Interestingly, the accumulation of these pollutants is due to the anthropogenic activity, namely the intensive use of fertilizers to obtain high yields in crop production. In this paper, we compared the levels of chlorophylls, proteins, dry weight and sucrose in some red (Alsidium sp. and Gracilaria sp.) and green algae (Ulva sp.) collected from Mohandis, near Kariat and Bou Areg. Our results indicate that the algae collected nearby Bou Areg, an area well-known for its high agricultural activity, contained high levels of pigments, proteins and sugars. From the chlorophyll results, we conclude that Ulva sp. is the best indicator for eutrophication biomonitoring. Nevertheless, the Gracilaria sp. can be used in phytoremediation due to its high carbohydrate synthesis that makes it much more pollutant resistant.

Keywords

Algae, Biomonitoring, Carbohydrates, Nador lagoon, Phytoremediation, Pigments, Pollution, Proteins.

Cite This Article

K, B. C., Moumen, A., Rezzoum, N., Sánchez, E., Baghour, M. (2013). Role of macroalgae in biomonitoring of pollution in «Marchica», the Nador lagoon. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 82(all), 31–34.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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