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Ecological indicators of the weed community in the cultivation of mango Mangifera indica L. in Campeche State, Mexico

Tucuch-Cauich FM1, F Orona-Castro1, IH Almeyda-León2, LA Aguirre-Uribe3

Campo Experimental Edzna. INIFAP. Km. 15,5 Carr. Campeche-Pocyaxum. Campeche, Campeche, México.
Centro de Investigación Regional Noreste, Km. 61 Carr. Reynosa-Matamoros, Río Bravo, Tamaulipas, México. Tel.: 01-899-9343235.
Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Calzada Antonio Narro 1923. Buenavista, Saltillo, Coahuila, México.

* Corresponding Authors:Address Correspondence to: Fulgencio Martin Tucuch Cauich, e-mail: email, email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2013, 82(all), 145-149.


Ango is the main species of fruit in the state of Campeche, Mexico, due to the economic benefits generated because of its production and marketing. Among the biotic problems that affect this crop in the region are weeds, which involve a heavy economic investment for their management. Under this scenario, it is important the development of ecological weed studies to generate information that help us to design strategies for managing the problem. During January to June 2010 a floristic study was developed on the population of weeds that compete with mango in the locations of Cayal and Castamay, at the state of Campeche. We obtained information from 20 mango orchards using 0.50 x 0.50 m quadrats, with a total of 20 quadrants/ha. Within each quadrat, we counted the number of weed species and determined relative density, relative dominance, frequency and spatial distribution. The results showed the presence of 28 weed species in both locations. The most abundant and dominant species was Rottboellia cochinchinensis Lour., while the most common species was Desmodium canadense L. The dominant spatial distribution was aggregate in most species in the two study locations.


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FM, T., Orona-Castro, F., Almeyda-León, I., Aguirre-Uribe, L. (2013). Ecological indicators of the weed community in the cultivation of mango Mangifera indica L. in Campeche State, Mexico. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 82(all), 145–149.

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