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Microbiological quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) produced under greenhouse conditions in five Municipalities of the State of Mexico

Ocaña-de Jesús RL, AT Gutiérrez-Ibáñez, JR Sánchez-Pale, MD Mariezcurrena-Berasain, G Velázquez-Garduño, A Laguna Cerda, I Rojas Puebla
México (FCA-UAEMex) Campus Universitario “El Cerrillo” Carretera Toluca-Ixtlahuaca, km. 15 entroque al Cerrillo Toluca, Edo de México C.P. 50200, México. Tel +52 1(722) 2965518, 2965529. 2965531 Ext. 192.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Ana Tarín Gutiérrez-Ibáñez, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2015, 84(1), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2015.84.045

Abstract

The aim of the current research was to determine tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) microbiological quality produced under greenhouse conditions in 5 municipalities of the State of Mexico. Studies were conducted during the 2013 production cycle to know the risks and apply prevention strategies prior to its consumption. A microbiological analysis of samples of irrigation water, soil and 100 tomato fruits variety cid was performed to determine Aerobic Mesophiles, Total Coliforms and Fecal Coliforms. The methodology used were those according to the Official Mexican Standards NOM- 109-SSA1-1994, NOM-110-SSA1-1994, NOM-092-SSA1-1994, NOM-113-SSA1-1994, and the Regulations of the National French Organization for Standardization (AFNOR) NF V08-60, and NOM-093-SSA1-1994, which establish the allowable limits for the study microorganisms. The results showed a zero level of pollution in water and soil samples. For fruits, levels of Aerobic Mesophilic were within the maximum limits permitted by the standards. The municipality of Texcaltitlan showed the highest average for these microorganisms (10083.80 CFU/mL). Huixquilucan showed 2266.84 CFU/mL for Total Coliforms. For Fecal Coliforms, municipalities of Coatepec and Texcaltitlan exceeded the allowed limit.

Keywords

Vegetable, Pathogen, Aerobic Mesophilic, Total and Fecal Coliforms.

Cite This Article

RL, O. J., Gutiérrez-Ibáñez, A., Sánchez-Pale, J., Mariezcurrena-Berasain, M., Velázquez-Garduño, G. et al. (2015). Microbiological quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) produced under greenhouse conditions in five Municipalities of the State of Mexico. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 84(1), 45–50.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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