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Polymer-based encapsulation of Bacillus subtilis and its effect on Meloidogyne incognita in tomato

Pacheco-Aguirre J, E Ruiz-Sánchez, A Reyes-Ramírez, J Cristóbal-Alejo, J Tun-Suárez, L Borges-Gómez

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2016, 85(all), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2016.85.001

Abstract

Antagonistic bacteria used as biological control agent may loss effectiveness at the field due to environmental factors such as UV radiation, dryness and high temperature. An inexpensive alternative to protect antagonistic bacteria against such factors is the use of microencapsulating agents. In this work, the effect of microencapsulation of Bacillus subtilis with commercial gums on their antagonistic capacity against Meloidogyne incognita was evaluated. The efficiency of the microencapsulation was verified by the difference between the initial and final concentrations of protein release. The effectiveness as antagonist was evaluated against M. incognita in tomato under greenhouse conditions. The microcapsules based on carboxymethylcellulose (MBC) and xanthan (MBX) were morphologically different. The MBX showed a higher bacterial release efficiency (90.2%) compared to that of MBC (76.6%). Plants inoculated with MBX showed a significant decrease in galls and M. incognita eggs in comparison to control plants, but this decrease did not occur on those inoculated with non-microencapsulated B. subtilis. The application of MBX to tomato plants at transplanting time provided good protection against M. incognita under greenhouse conditions.

Keywords

Rhizobacteria; Plant pathogenic nematode; Ionic gelation; Microencapsulation.

Cite This Article

J, P., Ruiz-Sánchez, E., Reyes-Ramírez, A., Cristóbal-Alejo, J., Tun-Suárez, J. et al. (2016). Polymer-based encapsulation of Bacillus subtilis and its effect on Meloidogyne incognita in tomato. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 85(all), 1–6.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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