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Growth induction of root and tubercle in Caladium bicolor with organic fertilizer

González-Cervantes G1, JA Chávez-Simental2, IA Ortiz-Sánchez3, LM Valenzuela-Núñez4, MA Macías-Corral5, JG Arreola-Avila6
1 Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria y en Relación Agua Suelo Planta Atmósfera, km 6,5 Margen derecha canal de Sacramento C.P. 35140, Gómez Palacio, Durango. gonzalez.guillermo@inifap.gob.mx;
2 Instituto de Silvicultura e Industria de la Madera de la Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Blvd. Guadiana #501 Ciudad Universitaria C.P. 34120, Durango, Durango. jorge.chavez@ujed.mx;
3 Instituto Tecnológico del Valle del Guadiana, Carr. Durango-México, km 22,5 Villa Montemorelos, Durango. ixchel_abby@hotmail.com;
4 Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas de la Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Av. Universidad s/n. Fracc. Filadelfia C.P. 35100, Gómez Palacio, Durango. luisvn70@hotmail. com;
5 CONACYT, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, Col. Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, México, D.F. Comisionado al Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados, S.C. CIMAV-Unidad Durango.
6 Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Unidad Regional Universitaria de Zonas Áridas, Carretera Gómez Palacio-Ciudad Juárez km 40, C.P. 35230 Pueblo Bermejillo, Durango. arreolavila@gmail.com.
Address correspondence to: Jorge Armando Chávez-Simental, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2017, 86(all), 40-45. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2017.86.040

Abstract

The introduction of ornamental crops to the Comarca Lagunera is a great market opportunity for producers of flowers, just as it is the case of Caladium bicolor which is exported to Europe, USA, Caribbean islands and Africa. The use of organic products derived from cattle manure for fertilization, improves physical soil conditions and provides significant amount of nutrients to plants and reduce production costs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to quantify the growth of tubercle and root of the ornamental plant Caladium bicolor by applying organic fertilizer (OF) extracted from cattle manure. The experimental design was completely randomized and the treatments were three doses of OF: 0 control, 4, y 8 mL/L. The variables were measured with image analysis, and OF was characterized with infrared spectrophotometry. With the data collected was performed ANOVA and treatment means were compared with Tukey test (P≤0.05). Treatment with 8 mL/L of OF, compared to 4 and 0 mL/L, showed greater tubercle growth (126.61%) with respect to its initial size and root surface (37.485 mm2) in the period from august to December 2012. Under the experimental conditions described, it includes that the extracted OF bovine manure induces a high adsorption capacity due to its carboxyls, hydroxyls, amines, amides and methyl, which together increase the growth of the tubercle and root in C. bicolor.

Keywords

Caladium bicolor, Fertilization, Image analysis, Infrared spectrophotometry.

Cite This Article

G, G., Chávez-Simental, J., Ortiz-Sánchez, I., Valenzuela-Núñez, L., Macías-Corral, M. et al. (2017). Growth induction of root and tubercle in Caladium bicolor with organic fertilizer. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 86(all), 40–45.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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