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Biochemical and molecular evidences of the presence of a plant natriuretic peptide in garlic (Allium sativum L.)

Valle-Rodríguez CM1, S Valdés-Rodríguez2, NL Vasco-Méndez1, C Garcidueñas-Piña1, RE Soria-Guerra3, JF Morales-Domínguez1

1 Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes, Centro de Ciencias Básicas, Departamento de Química, Av. Universidad 940 C.P. 20131, Ciudad Universitaria, Aguascalientes, México Tel. 52 (449) 910-74-00 Ext. 8420.
2 Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Irapuato, Km. 9.6 Libramiento Norte, Carretera Irapuato-León, CP 36821, Irapuato Guanajuato, México.
3 Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Laboratorio de Biotecnología Molecular. Av. Dr. Nava #6 Zona Universitaria CP 78200 San Luis Potosí, SLP, México Tel. 52 (444) 8 26 23-00, Ext 6431.

Address correspondence to: José Francisco Morales Domínguez; e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2017, 86(all), 143-150.


The natriuretic peptides (NP) are vertebrate hormones involved in the regulation of ion and water homeostasis in the cell. In plants, natriuretic peptides (PNP) have been identified by molecular and biochemical methods. It has been suggested that PNPs, have similar functions to the PN, since they mediate (1) ion transport through the cell, (2) the opening and closing of Na+ and K+ channels through the stimulation and synthesis of a second messenger such as cGMP, and (3) the aperture of stomata. In this study, a PNPs gene was partially identified by PCR in garlic (Allium sativum L.), which was called AsPNP, and showed a similarity of 96% with the AtPNP-A of Arabidopsis thaliana. The deduced amino acid sequence of AsPNP displayed four cysteine and the highly conserved reason (i.e., K [VI] VD) in PNPs. The modelling of AsPNP in amino acids showed a three-dimensional structure similar to AtPNP-A and to the domain I of expansins. The real-time PCR analysis identified at least two possible copies of this gene in garlic. The immunodetection with antibodies directed to human NPs receptors suggests the presence of similar receptors in garlic leaves. It was also found that a protein fraction purified by ion exchange chromatography from garlic leaves was able to stimulate stomatal opening in cuticles of Opuntia ficus-indica. These evidences demonstrate the presence of NP in garlic plants.


Cite This Article

CM, V., Valdés-Rodríguez, S., Vasco-Méndez, N., Garcidueñas-Piña, C., Soria-Guerra, R. et al. (2017). Biochemical and molecular evidences of the presence of a plant natriuretic peptide in garlic (Allium sativum L.). Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 86(all), 143–150.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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