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Pollen and seed morphology of Zygophylum fabago and Peganum harmala (Zygophyllaceae) from Bulgaria

Semerdjieva IB1, EP Yankova-Tsvetkova2
1 Department of Botany and Agrometeorology, Agricultural University, Plovdiv, 12 Mendeleev Str., Plovdiv 4000, Bulgaria.
2 Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2 Yuri Gagarin Str., 1113 Sofia.
Address correspondence to: IB Semerdjieva, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2017, 86(all), 318-324. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2017.86.318

Abstract

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) study of the pollen and seed morphology of Peganum harmala L. and Zygophyllum fabago L. (Zygophyllaceae), in native Bulgarian populations, was carried out. Additionally, a light microscope (LM) investigation on pollen grains was made in order to elucidate the peculiarities of the major parameters of pollen surface and size. It was established that pollen grains in Z. fabago are pantoporate. Exine ornamentation is reticulate. The pollen grains of P. harmala are oblate, spheroidal, elongated, oval in shape, colporate, exine striato-rugulate. The seeds of P. harmala are oblong-oval and slightly flattened at the side (incorrect tetrahedral to rhomboid), with a peaked edge, arc-curve laterally. The seed sculpture corresponds to the Tubular to Concave-type, which is characterized by polygonal cells and reticulate tectum. The seeds of Z. fabago are oval-rhomboid in shape. The seed sculpture corresponds to Concave to Convex-type which is characterized with polygonal cells, ranging in size, with cuticular wax folds.

Keywords

Exine, SEM, Spermoderm.

Cite This Article

IB, S., Yankova-Tsvetkova, E. (2017). Pollen and seed morphology of Zygophylum fabago and Peganum harmala (Zygophyllaceae) from Bulgaria. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 86(all), 318–324.



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