Vol.90, No.1, 2021, pp.145-158, doi:10.32604/phyton.2020.011752
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ARTICLE
Effects of Barium Stress in Brassica juncea and Cakile maritima: The Indicator Role of Some Antioxidant Enzymes and Secondary Metabolites
  • Houda Bouslimi1, Renata Ferreira2, Nesrine Dridi1, Pedro Brito3, Susete Martins-Dias4, Isabel Caçador5, Noomene Sleimi1,*
1 Laboratory of Resources, Materials and Ecosystems, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, Jarzouna, Bizerte, 7021, Tunisia
2 Centro de Recursos Naturais e Ambiente, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, 1049-001, Portugal
3 Instituto Português do Mare da Atmosfera, Rua Dr. Alfredo Magalhães Ramalho, Lisbon, 1495-006, Portugal
4 Centro de Recursos Naturais e Ambiente, DBE, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, 1049-001, Portugal
5 Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Lisbon, 1749-016, Portugal
* Corresponding Author: Noomene Sleimi. Email: noomene.sleimi@gmail.com
Received 28 May 2020; Accepted 01 September 2020; Issue published 20 November 2020
Abstract
Soil contamination by toxic trace metal elements, like barium (Ba), may stimulate various undesirable changes in the metabolic activity of plants. The plant responses are fast and with, direct or indirect, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). To cope with the stress imposed by the ROS production, plants developed a dual cellular system composed of enzymatic and non-enzymatic players that convert ROS, and their by-products, into stable nontoxic molecules. To assess the Ba stress response of two Brassicaceae species (Brassica juncea, a glycophyte, and Cakile maritime, a halophyte), plants were exposure to different Ba concentrations (0, 100, 200, 300 and 500 μM). The plants response was evaluated through their morphology and development, the determination of plant leaves antioxidant enzymatic activities and by the production of plants secondary metabolites. Results indicated that the two Brassicaceae species have the ability to survive in an environment containing Ba (even at 500 μM). The biomass production of C. maritima was slightly affected whereas an increase in biomass B. juncea was noticed. The stress imposed by Ba activated the antioxidant defense system in the two species, noticed by the changes in the leaves activity of catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and guaicol peroxidase (GPX), and of the secondary metabolites, through the production of total phenols and flavonoids. The enzymatic response was not similar within the two plant species: CAT and APX seem to have a more important role against the oxidative stress in C. maritima while in B. juncea is GPX. Overall, total phenols and flavonoids production was more significant in the plants aerial part than in the roots, of the both species. Although the two Brassicaceae species response was different, in both plants catalytic and non-catalytic transformation of ROS occurs, and both were able to overcome the Ba toxicity and prevent the cell damage.
Keywords
Brassica juncea; Cakile maritima; antioxidant enzymes; barium stress; oxidative stress; secondary metabolites
Cite This Article
Bouslimi, H., Ferreira, R., Dridi, N., Brito, P., Martins-Dias, S. et al. (2021). Effects of Barium Stress in Brassica juncea and Cakile maritima: The Indicator Role of Some Antioxidant Enzymes and Secondary Metabolites. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(1), 145–158.
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