Vol.90, No.4, 2021, pp.1205-1216, doi:10.32604/phyton.2021.015109
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ARTICLE
Suppression Effects on Pineapple Soil-Borne Pathogens by Crotalaria juncea, Dolomitic Lime and Plastic Mulch Cover on MD-2 Hybrid Cultivar
  • Luis Alfonso Aguilar Pérez1,*, Daniel Nieto Ángel1,*, Moisés Roberto Vallejo Pérez2, Daniel Leobardo Ochoa Martínez1, David Espinosa Victoria3, Andrés Rebolledo Martinez4, Abel Rebouças São José5
1 Fitopatología, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo-Texcoco, 56230, México
2 CONACyT-Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, CIACYT, San Luis Potosí, 78000, México
3 Edafología, Colegio de Postgraduados, Montecillo-Texcoco, 56230, México
4 Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Veracruz, 94270, México
5 Rebouças São José, A. UESB/DFZ, Vitória da Conquista, 95, Brasil
* Corresponding Authors: Luis Alfonso Aguilar Pérez. Email: ; Daniel Nieto Ángel. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Physiology for Crop Production and Sustainable Agriculture)
Received 22 November 2020; Accepted 26 January 2021; Issue published 27 April 2021
Abstract
The development and implementation of sustainable and environmentally friendly agricultural practices are indispensable as alternatives to pesticide use and to keep populations of soil-borne plant pathogens at levels that do not affect crop productivity. The present research evaluates the incidence of soil-borne phytopathogens on the pineapple variety MD-2, which was subjected to different treatments: Incorporation of Crotalaria juncea into the soil (organic amendment), application of dolomitic lime to soil (inorganic amendment), and the use of plastic mulch covering the soil. During the crop cycle (15 months), the following variables were evaluated: plant height (cm), fruit weight (kg·plant−1 ), crop yield (ton·ha−1 ), the bud root disease incidence caused by Phytophthora nicotianae, number of soil phytoparasitic nematodes and colony-forming-units (CFUs) of soil fungi and oomycetes. The results indicate that Crotalaria juncea treatment reduced the pathogen population (nematode and oomycetes) at levels that did not affect crop development, so that yield increased (18–20%). The incorporation of C. juncea into the soil as an organic amendment favors the populations of fungi disease suppressors (Trichoderma-Aspergillus). The phytoparasitic nematodes (Meloidogyne sp., Pratylenchus sp., and Mesocriconema sp.) and oomycetes (Phytophthora spp., and Pythium spp.) showed a reduction of their population levels by effects of organic amendment (C. juncea). The plastic mulch was also effective, probably due to the maintenance of optimal condition to crop growth and weed control. However, the dolomitic lime application had the poorest effect under the conditions of the study area on the variables analyzed. The described observations are characteristics of a system-based approach for the potential management of soil-borne pathogens of pineapple MD-2 in Veracruz, México.
Keywords
Suppressive soil; integrated pest management; Phytophthora nicotiannae; Phytoparasitic nematodes
Cite This Article
Alfonso, L., Ángel, D. N., Roberto, M., Leobardo, D., Victoria, D. E. et al. (2021). Suppression Effects on Pineapple Soil-Borne Pathogens by Crotalaria juncea, Dolomitic Lime and Plastic Mulch Cover on MD-2 Hybrid Cultivar. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(4), 1205–1216.
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