Vol.91, No.1, 2022, pp.169-183, doi:10.32604/phyton.2022.016407
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ARTICLE
Differential Responses of Soil Organic Carbon Fractions and Carbon Turnover Related Enzyme Activities to Wheat Straw Incorporation in Subtropical China
  • Wei Dai1, Kaikai Fang1, Hui Gao1, Jun Wang1, Petri Penttinen2, Zhimin Sha1,*, Linkui Cao1,*
1 School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 200240, China
2 Department of Microbiology, College of Resources, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, China
* Corresponding Authors: Zhimin Sha. Email: ; Linkui Cao. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Ecophysiology: Recent Trends and Advancements)
Received 03 March 2021; Accepted 23 April 2021; Issue published 16 August 2021
Abstract
Soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions and C turnover related enzyme activities are essential for nutrient cycling. This is because they are regarded as important indicators of soil fertility and quality. We measured the effects of wheat straw incorporation on SOC fractions and C turnover related enzyme activities in a paddy field in subtropical China. Soil samples were collected from 0–10 cm and 10–20 cm depths after rice harvesting. The total SOC concentrations were higher in the high rate of wheat straw incorporation treatment (NPKS2) than in the not fertilized control (CK) (P <0.05). The concentrations of labile C fractions [i.e., water soluble organic C (WSOC), hot-water soluble organic C (HWSOC), microbial biomass C (MBC), and easily oxidizable C (EOC)], were higher in the moderate NPKS1 and NPKS2 treatments than in CK and the fertilized treatment without straw (NPK) (P <0.05). The geometric means of labile C (GMC) and C pool management index (CPMI) values were highest in NPKS2 (P <0.05). The SOC concentrations correlated positively with the labile C fractions (P <0.05). Soil cellulase activity and the geometric mean of enzyme activities (GMea) were higher in NPKS2 than in CK in all soil layers (P <0.05), and the invertase activity was higher in NPKS2 than in CK in the 0–10 cm layer (P <0.05). Stepwise multiple linear regression indicated that the formation of the SOC, WSOC, HWSOC, MBC, and EOC was mostly enhanced by the cellulase and invertase activities (P <0.05). Therefore, the high rate of wheat straw incorporation may be recommended to increase soil C pool levels and soil fertility in subtropical paddy soils.
Keywords
Wheat straw incorporation; soil organic carbon fractions; soil carbon turnover related enzymes; paddy soil; subtropical China
Cite This Article
Dai, W., Fang, K., Gao, H., Wang, J., Penttinen, P. et al. (2022). Differential Responses of Soil Organic Carbon Fractions and Carbon Turnover Related Enzyme Activities to Wheat Straw Incorporation in Subtropical China. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 91(1), 169–183.
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