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Transcriptome-Wide Identification and Functional Analysis of PgSQE08-01 Gene in Ginsenoside Biosynthesis in Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.

Lei Zhu1,#, Lihe Hou1,3,#, Yu Zhang1, Yang Jiang1, Yi Wang1,2, Meiping Zhang1,2, Mingzhu Zhao1,2,*, Kangyu Wang1,2,*

1 College of Life Science, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, 130118, China
2 Jilin Engineering Research Center Ginseng Genetic Resources Development and Utilization, Changchun, 130118, China
3 Jilin Academy of Vegetable and Flower Sciences, Changchun, 130033, China

* Corresponding Authors: Mingzhu Zhao. Email: email; Kangyu Wang. Email: email
# These authors contributed equally to this work

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Plant Secondary Metabolism and Functional Biology)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2024, 93(2), 313-327. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.047938

Abstract

Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. is an important plant species used in traditional Chinese medicine, whose primary active ingredient is a ginsenoside. Ginsenoside biosynthesis is not only regulated by transcription factors but also controlled by a variety of structural genes. Nonetheless, the molecular mechanism underlying ginsenoside biosynthesis has always been a topic in the discussion of ginseng secondary metabolites. Squalene epoxidase (SQE) is a key enzyme in the mevalonic acid pathway, which affects the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites such as terpenoid. Using ginseng transcriptome, expression, and ginsenoside content databases, this study employed bioinformatic methods to systematically analyze the genes encoding SQE in ginseng. We first selected six PgSQE candidates that were closely involved in ginsenoside biosynthesis and then identified PgSQE08-01 to be highly associated with ginsenoside biosynthesis. Next, we constructed the overexpression vector pCAMBIA3301-PgSQE08-01 and the RNAi vector pART27-PgSQE08-01 and transformed ginseng adventitious roots using Agrobacterium rhizogenes, to obtain positive hairy-root clones. Thereafter, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and high-performance liquid chromatography were used to determine the expression of relevant genes and ginsenoside content, respectively. Then, we focused on the function of PgSQE08-01 gene, which was noted to be involved in ginsenoside biosynthesis. Thus, these findings not only provided a molecular basis for the identification of important functional genes in ginseng but also enriched genetic resources for the biosynthesis of ginsenosides using synthetic biology.

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APA Style
Zhu, L., Hou, L., Zhang, Y., Jiang, Y., Wang, Y. et al. (2024). Transcriptome-wide identification and functional analysis of <i>pgsqe08-01</i> gene in ginsenoside biosynthesis in <i>panax ginseng</i> C. A. mey.. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 93(2), 313-327. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.047938
Vancouver Style
Zhu L, Hou L, Zhang Y, Jiang Y, Wang Y, Zhang M, et al. Transcriptome-wide identification and functional analysis of <i>pgsqe08-01</i> gene in ginsenoside biosynthesis in <i>panax ginseng</i> C. A. mey.. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2024;93(2):313-327 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.047938
IEEE Style
L. Zhu et al., "Transcriptome-Wide Identification and Functional Analysis of <i>PgSQE08-01</i> Gene in Ginsenoside Biosynthesis in <i>Panax ginseng</i> C. A. Mey.," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 313-327. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.047938



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