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  • Open Access


    Multi-Objective Optimization of Aluminum Alloy Electric Bus Frame Connectors for Enhanced Durability

    Wenjun Zhou1,2, Mingzhi Yang1, Qian Peng2, Yong Peng1,*, Kui Wang1, Qiang Xiao1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 735-755, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.047258

    Abstract The widespread adoption of aluminum alloy electric buses, known for their energy efficiency and eco-friendliness, faces a challenge due to the aluminum frame’s susceptibility to deformation compared to steel. This issue is further exacerbated by the stringent requirements imposed by the flammability and explosiveness of batteries, necessitating robust frame protection. Our study aims to optimize the connectors of aluminum alloy bus frames, emphasizing durability, energy efficiency, and safety. This research delves into Multi-Objective Coordinated Optimization (MCO) techniques for lightweight design in aluminum alloy bus body connectors. Our goal is to enhance lightweighting, reinforce energy absorption,… More >

  • Open Access


    An Experimental Study and Analysis of Different Dielectrics in Electrical Discharge Machining of Al 6063 Alloy


    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.4, pp. 351-369, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.04.5

    Abstract Electrical discharge machining is a non-traditional machining processes in which it is based upon thermal and electrical energy source as an interval energy pulse discharge in-between the work piece and tool electrode so as to remove the material. A systematical investigation of melting and vaporising of aluminium to find the output responses such as Material removal rate (MRR), Electrode wear rate (Ra), and Surface finish (EWR) in EDM using two different dielectrics was conducted as experimental work. The working fluids are Polyethylene glycol (PEG 600) and kerosene. It is the hour of need to get the More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis and Optimization of the Electrohydraulic Forming Process of Sinusoidal Corrugation Tubes

    Da Cai, Yinlong Song, Hao Jiang, Guangyao Li, Junjia Cui*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.4, pp. 873-887, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025833

    Abstract Aluminum alloy thin-walled structures are widely used in the automotive industry due to their advantages related to light weight and crashworthiness. They can be produced at room temperature by the electrohydraulic forming process. In the present study, the influence of the related parameters on the forming quality of a 6063 aluminum alloy sinusoidal corrugation tube has been assessed. In particular, the orthogonal experimental design (OED) and central composite design (CCD) methods have been used. Through the range analysis and variance analysis of the experimental data, the influence degree of wire diameter (WD) and discharge energy More >

  • Open Access


    Silicon Mitigates Aluminum Toxicity of Tartary Buckwheat by Regulating Antioxidant Systems

    Anyin Qi1,#, Xiaonan Yan1,#, Yuqing Liu1,#, Qingchen Zeng1, Hang Yuan1, Huange Huang1, Chenggang Liang2, Dabing Xiang1, Liang Zou1, Lianxin Peng1, Gang Zhao1, Jingwei Huang1,*, Yan Wan1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.1, pp. 1-13, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.045802


    Aluminum (Al) toxicity is a considerable factor limiting crop yield and biomass in acidic soil. Tartary buckwheat growing in acidic soil may suffer from Al poisoning. Here, we investigated the influence of Al stress on the growth of tartary buckwheat seedling roots, and the alleviation of Al stress by silicon (Si), as has been demonstrated in many crops. Under Al stress, root growth (total root length, primary root length, root tips, root surface area, and root volume) was significantly inhibited, and Al and malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulated in the root tips. At the same time, catalase (CAT)

    More >

  • Open Access


    Machine Learning Design of Aluminum-Lithium Alloys with High Strength

    Hongxia Wang1,2, Zhiqiang Duan2, Qingwei Guo2, Yongmei Zhang1,2,*, Yuhong Zhao2,3,4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1393-1409, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045871

    Abstract Due to the large unexplored compositional space, long development cycle, and high cost of traditional trial-anderror experiments, designing high strength aluminum-lithium alloys is a great challenge. This work establishes a performance-oriented machine learning design strategy for aluminum-lithium alloys to simplify and shorten the development cycle. The calculation results indicate that radial basis function (RBF) neural networks exhibit better predictive ability than back propagation (BP) neural networks. The RBF neural network predicted tensile and yield strengths with determination coefficients of 0.90 and 0.96, root mean square errors of 30.68 and 25.30, and mean absolute errors of More >

  • Open Access


    Impact Damage Identification of Aluminum Alloy Reinforced Plate Based on GWO-ELM Algorithm

    Wei Li1,2, Benjian Zou1, Yuxiang Luo2, Ning Yang2, Faye Zhang1,*, Mingshun Jiang1, Lei Jia1

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 485-500, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.025989

    Abstract As a critical structure of aerospace equipment, aluminum alloy stiffened plate will influence the stability of spacecraft in orbit and the normal operation of the system. In this study, a GWO-ELM algorithm-based impact damage identification method is proposed for aluminum alloy stiffened panels to monitor and evaluate the damage condition of such stiffened panels of spacecraft. Firstly, together with numerical simulation, the experimental simulation to obtain the damage acoustic emission signals of aluminum alloy reinforced panels is performed, to establish the damage data. Subsequently, the amplitude-frequency characteristics of impact damage signals are extracted and put… More >

  • Open Access


    Understanding the Micromechanical Behaviors of Particle-Reinforced Al Composite by Nonlocal Crystal Plasticity Modeling

    Haiming Zhang1,2,*, Shilin Zhao1,2, Zhenshan Cui1,2

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.4, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.08884

    Abstract Particle-reinforced aluminum matrix composites (PRAMCs) have great potential for application in aerospace, automobile, defense, and electronics due to their high specific strength and stiffness and good resistance to wear and corrosion. Achieving a superior trade-off between the strength and ductility of PRAMCs necessitates an elaborative control of the microstructures, like the size and distribution of particles, as well as grain size, morphology, and texture of the matrix. The multiscale interaction between the particles and the matrix’s microstructure is insufficiently understood due to the lagging of high-resolved in-situ characterization. This work proposes a nonlocal physically based… More >

  • Open Access



    R. Rajaramana , L. Anna Gowsalyab,*, R. Velrajc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.11, pp. 1-8, 2018, DOI:10.5098/hmt.11.23

    Abstract To get accurate results in casting simulations, prediction of interfacial heat transfer coefficient (IHTC) is imperative. In this paper an attempt has been made for estimating IHTC during solidification process of a rectangular aluminium alloy casting in a sand mould. The cast temperature and mould temperature are measured during the experimental process at different time intervals during the process of solidification. Two different inverse methods, namely control volume and Beck’s approach are used to estimate the heat flux and temperature at the mould surface by using the experimentally measured temperatures. In the case of control More >

  • Open Access



    L. Anna Gowsalyaa , P.D. Jeyakumarb,*, R. Rajaramanc,†, R. Velrajd

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.21

    Abstract Solidification of casting is a complex phenomenon which requires accurate input to simulate for real time applications. Interfacial heat transfer coefficient (IHTC) is an important input parameter for the simulation process. The IHTC is varying with respect to time during solidification and the exact value is to be given as input for the accurate simulation of the casting process. In this work an attempt is made to estimate the IHTC during solidification of spherical shaped aluminum alloy component with sand mould. The mould surface heat flux and mould surface temperatures are estimated by inverse control More >

  • Open Access


    Research of Microstructure, Phase, and Mechanical Properties of Aluminum-Dross-Based Porous Ceramics

    Liang Yu1,2,3, Yuan Liu1,2,3, Xiuling Cao4,*, Yulong Yan1,2,3, Chen Zhang1,2,3, Yanli Jiang1,2,3,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.7, pp. 3057-3072, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025732

    Abstract In this study, the effect of sintering temperature and the addition of kaolin, a sintering agent, on the microscopic, phase, and mechanical properties of ceramics were investigated using secondary aluminum dross (SAD) as the main component in the manufacturing of ceramics. The basic phases of the ceramics were Al2O3, MgAl2O4, NaAl11O17, and SiO2 without the addition of kaolin. The diffraction peaks of MgAl2O4, NaAl11O17, and SiO2 kept decreasing while those of Al2O3 kept increasing with an increase in temperature. In addition, the increase in temperature promoted the growth of the grains. The grains were uniform in size and regular… More > Graphic Abstract

    Research of Microstructure, Phase, and Mechanical Properties of Aluminum-Dross-Based Porous Ceramics

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