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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and Transcriptional Regulation of CAMTA Genes in Liriodendron chinense

    Kaiyue Hong, Yasmina Radani, Teja Manda, Jinhui Chen, Liming Yang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 413-425, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047739

    Abstract This study explores CAMTA genes in the rare and endangered Chinese plant species, Liriodendron chinense. Despite the completion of whole-genome sequencing, the roles of CAMTA genes in calcium regulation and stress responses in this species remain largely unexplored. Within the L. chinense genome, we identified two CAMTA genes, Lchi09764 and Lchi222536, characterized by four functional domains: CG-1, TIG, ANK repeats, and IQ motifs. Our analyses, including phylogenetic investigations, cis-regulatory element analyses, and chromosomal location studies, aim to elucidate the defining features of CAMTA genes in L. chinense. Applying Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis (WGCNA), we explored the impact of CAMTA genes on More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Soil Enzymes and Polysaccharides Secreted by the Roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge under Drought, High Temperature, and Nitrogen and Phosphorus Deficits

    Yong Qin1,2, Xiaoyu Li1,2, Yanhong Wu1,2, Hai Wang3, Guiqi Han1,2,3, Zhuyun Yan1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.1, pp. 119-135, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.046075

    Abstract Root exudates serve as crucial mediators for information exchange between plants and soil, and are an important evolutionary mechanism for plants’ adaptation to environmental changes. In this study, 15 different abiotic stress models were established using various stress factors, including drought (D), high temperature (T), nitrogen deficiency (N), phosphorus deficiency (P), and their combinations. We investigated their effects on the seedling growth of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and the activities of Solid-Urease (S-UE), Solid-Nitrite Reductase (S-NiR), Solid-Nitrate Reductase (S-NR), Solid-Phosphotransferase (S-PT), and Solid-Catalase (S-CAT), as well as the contents of polysaccharides in the culture medium. The results… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application of Plant Growth-Promoting Bacteria as an Eco-Friendly Strategy for Mitigating the Harmful Effects of Abiotic Stress on Plants

    Ahmed Hassan Abdou1,*, Omar Abdullah Alkhateeb2, Hossam Eldin Hamed Mansour3, Hesham S. Ghazzawy4, Muayad Saud Albadrani5, Nadi Awad Al-harbi6, Wasimah B. Al-Shammari7, Khaled Abdelaal8,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3305-3321, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.044780

    Abstract Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) play an important role in improving agricultural production under several abiotic stress factors. PGPB can be used to increase crop growth and development through hormonal balance and increase nutrient uptake. The positive effect of PGPB may be due to its pivotal role in morphophysiological and biochemical characteristics like leaf number, leaf area, and stem length. Furthermore, relative water content, chlorophyll content, carotenoids, antioxidant enzymes, and plant hormones were improved with PGPB treatment. Crop yield and yield components were also increased with PGPB treatment in numerous crops. The anatomical structure of plant… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Alleviates Salt-Alkali Stress Demage on Syneilesis aconitifolia

    Linlin Fang, Jiamei Xu, Chunxue Yang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3195-3209, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.043049

    Abstract Syneilesis aconitifolia is a potential ground cover and decorative material in gardens, which exhibits a strong salt-alkali tolerance, and also has medicinal value. In this study, the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi community in the soil surrounding S. aconitifolia roots in the Songnen saline-alkali grassland was used as the inoculation medium for a pot cultivation experiment. After normal culture for 90 days, NaCl and NaHCO3 solutions were applied to subject plants to salt or alkali stress. Solution concentrations of 50, 100, and 200 mmol/L were applied for 10 days, and mycorrhizal colonization, biomass, relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll concentration,… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Breaking Barriers: Selenium and Silicon-Mediated Strategies for Mitigating Abiotic Stress in Plants

    Mojtaba Kordrostami1, Ali Akbar Ghasemi-Soloklui1, Mohammad Anwar Hossain2,*, Mohammad Golam Mostofa3,4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2713-2736, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030372

    Abstract Numerous plant species, particularly those that can accumulate selenium (Se) and silicon (Si), benefit from these essential micronutrients. Se and Si accumulation in plants profoundly affects several biochemical reactions in cells. Understanding how plants react to Se/Si enrichment is crucial for ensuring adequate dietary Se/Si intake for humans and animals and increasing plant tolerance to environmental stressors. Several studies have shown that Se/Si-enriched plants are more resistant to salinity, drought, extreme temperatures, UV radiation, and excess metalloids. The interplay between Se/Si in plants is crucial for maintaining growth and development under normal conditions while providing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of the SERK Gene Family in Paulownia fortunei and Its Involvement in the Response to Biotic and Abiotic Stresses

    Tongman Zhao1,2,#, Yujie Fan1,2,#, Yabing Cao1,2, Xiaogai Zhao1,2, Guoqiang Fan1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2473-2488, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029469

    Abstract Somatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinases (SERKs) are receptor-like proteins that contain leucine-rich repeats and are involved in various signaling pathways. This study identified SERK family members in the Paulownia fortunei genome and analyzed their characteristics and expression profiles using bioinformatics methods. We identified 12 SERK genes with relatively conserved gene structures and motifs that were distributed unevenly on eight Paulownia chromosomes. The gene promoters contained various cis-acting elements that regulated the expression of the PfSERK genes in response to hormones and abiotic stresses. Synteny analysis indicated that 10 segmental duplication events had occurred during evolution of the PfSERK family. The More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Review on Selenium Function under Oxidative Stress in Plants Focusing on ROS Production and Detoxification

    Armin Saed-Moucheshi1,*, Elham Rezaei Mirghaed2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.7, pp. 1921-1941, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027810

    Abstract

    One of the main reasons of the annual reduction in plant production all around the world is the occurrence of abiotic stresses as a result of an unpredicted changes in environmental conditions. Abiotic stresses basically trigger numerous pathways related to oxygen free radicals’ generation resulting in a higher rate of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Accordingly, higher rate of oxygen free radicals than its steady state causes to oxidize various types of molecules and compartments within the plants’ cells and tissues. Oxidative stress is the result of high amount free radicals of oxygen interfering with different

    More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Brachypodium distachyon calcineurin B-like protein-interacting protein kinase, BdCIPK26, enhances plant adaption to drought and high salinity stress

    QINGCHEN LUO1,#,*, JIALU FENG2,#, XIUQI DENG1

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.5, pp. 1145-1158, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027847

    Abstract As sessile organisms, plants possess a complex system to cope with environmental changes. Ca2+ functions as a vital second messenger in the stress signaling of plants, and the CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs) serve as essential elements in the plant Ca2+ signaling pathway. In this study, calcineurin B-like protein-interacting protein kinase 26 (BdCIPK26) from Brachypodium distachyon was characterized. Overexpression of BdCIPK26 enhanced tolerance to drought and salt stress of transgenic plants. Further investigations revealed that BdCIPK26 participated in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, conferred hypersensitivity to exogenous ABA in transgenic plants, and promoted endogenous ABA biosynthesis. Moreover, BdCIPK26 was found More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An in Vitro Approach to Investigate the Role of Abscisic Acid in Alleviating the Negative Effects of Chilling Stress on Banana Shoots

    Ibrahim Hmmam1,*, Ali Raza2, Ivica Djalovic3, Nagwa Khedr1, Abdou Abdellatif1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.6, pp. 1695-1711, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028317

    Abstract Banana is a tropical crop cultivated in warm places. Chilling stress in Egypt is making banana crops less productive. Abscisic acid (ABA), a key plant hormone, regulates metabolic and physiological processes and protects plants from a variety of stresses. In vitro growing banana shoots were pre-treated with ABA at four concentrations (0, 25, 50, and 100 mM) and chilled at 5°C for 24 h, followed by a six-day recovery period at 25°C. By comparing ABA treatments to both positive and negative controls, physiological and biochemical changes were investigated. Chilling stress (5°C) caused a considerable increase… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Identification and Characterisation of Abiotic Stress Responsive mTERF Gene Family in Amaranthus hypochondriacus

    Mortaza Hajyzadeh*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1649-1664, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028028

    Abstract Abiotic stresses at different growth stages in the life of plants negatively affect yield productivity. Therefore, plants, including Amaranthus hypochondriacus, develop adaptive strategies to face the stresses and expand functional diversification. In plants, the mitochondrial transcription termination factors (mTERF) are essential functions in regulation, and organelles (mitochondria and chloroplasts) control gene expression (OGE) under several stress conditions. Based on the in-silico-wide genome and transcriptome analysis, twenty-four mTERF genes were detected in the main targeted mitochondria organelles clustered into three different main groups. The chromosomal location and gene duplication analysis indicated one segmental and one tandem duplication in… More >

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