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  • Open Access


    Tensile and Stress Analysis of Hybrid Composite Prosthetic Socket Reinforced with Natural Fibers

    Noor K. Faheed*, Qahtan A. Hamad, Jawad K. Oleiwi

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.7, pp. 1989-2013, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.017573

    Abstract Natural fibers and their composites are the evolving movements in material science, and with that, the utmost use of plant-based fibers has become the focus of this research. Sisal and cotton natural fibers were used to construct a prosthetic socket as an attempt to substitute material currently available in the manufacturing of sockets. The vacuum bagging technique was adopted to produce a below-knee socket. The influence of different fiber layering sequences on the volumetric and mechanical characteristics was estimated experimentally and numerically. Mechanical tensile tests were used to assess laminated specimens, such as tensile strength,… More >

  • Open Access


    Cotton Leaf Diseases Recognition Using Deep Learning and Genetic Algorithm

    Muhammad Rizwan Latif1, Muhamamd Attique Khan1, Muhammad Younus Javed1, Haris Masood2, Usman Tariq3, Yunyoung Nam4,*, Seifedine Kadry5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.3, pp. 2917-2932, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017364

    Abstract Globally, Pakistan ranks 4 in cotton production, 6 as an importer of raw cotton, and 3 in cotton consumption. Nearly 10% of GDP and 55% of the country's foreign exchange earnings depend on cotton products. Approximately 1.5 million people in Pakistan are engaged in the cotton value chain. However, several diseases such as Mildew, Leaf Spot, and Soreshine affect cotton production. Manual diagnosis is not a good solution due to several factors such as high cost and unavailability of an expert. Therefore, it is essential to develop an automated technique that can accurately detect and recognize these… More >

  • Open Access


    Villin Family Members Associated with Multiple Stress Responses in Cotton

    Fenni Lv1,2,#, Sen Wang3,#, Ruiping Tian1, Peng Wang2, Kang Liu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.6, pp. 1645-1660, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.016947

    Abstract Villin (VLN) is considered to be one of the most important actin-binding proteins, participates in modulating the actin cytoskeleton dynamics, plays essential role in plant development and resisting adverse environments. However, systematic studies of the VLN gene family have not been reported in cotton (Gossypium). In this study, 14 GhVLNs were identified in G. hirsutum. These GhVLN genes were distributed in 6 A-subgenome chromosomes and 6 D-subgenome chromosomes of the allotetraploid upland cotton and classified into three phylogenetical groups based on the classification model of AtVLNs. In addition, the 14 GhVLN genes have highly conserved gene structure and motif… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification, Isolation and Characterization of GaCyPI Gene in Gossypium arboreum under Cotton Leaf Curl Virus Disease Stress

    Zunaira Sher1, Muhammad Umair Majid1, Sameera Hassan1, Fatima Batool1, Beenish Aftab1,2, Bushra Rashid1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.6, pp. 1613-1632, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.016154

    Abstract Pakistan is facing the threat of Cotton Leaf Curl Virus (CLCuV) which is transmitted through whitefly to cotton crop. Molecular mechanism of leaf epicuticular wax protects the plants from different pathogens including insect attack and disease transmission. Objective of current study is the isolation and characterization of a wax related gene GaCyPI from Gossypium arboreum under CLCuV infection. A fragment of 475 bp was isolated from the total RNA and 3’ and 5’ RACE-PCR products were arranged by overlapping the extended sequences at both the ends. Deduced protein sequence of GaCyPI showed homology with Cyclophilin cis-trans isomerase… More >

  • Open Access


    Rapid Identification of a Candidate Gene Related to Fiber Strength Using a Superior Chromosome Segment Substitution Line from Gossypium hirsutum × Gossypium barbadense via Bulked Segregant RNA-Sequencing

    Qi Zhang1,#, Pengtao Li2,#, Aiying Liu1, Shaoqi Li1, Quanwei Lu2, Qun Ge1, Junwen Li1, Wankui Gong1, Xiaoying Deng1, Haihong Shang1,3, Yuzhen Shi1,*, Youlu Yuan1,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.3, pp. 837-858, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014437

    Abstract Cotton is the most widely cultivated commercial crop producing natural fiber around the world. As a critical trait for fiber quality, fiber strength principally determined during the secondary wall thickening period. Based on the developed BC5F3:5 CSSLs (chromosome segment substitution lines) from Gossypium hirsutum CCRI36 × G. barbadense Hai 1, the superior MBI9915 was chosen to construct the secondary segregated population BC7F2 with its recurrent parent CCRI36, which was subsequently subjected to Bulk segregant RNA-sequencing (BSR-seq) for rapid identification of candidate genes related to fiber strength. A total of 4 fiber-transcriptome libraries were separately constructed and sequenced, including… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Different Salt Stress on Physiological Growth and Yield of Drip Irrigation Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

    Jiangchun Chen1, Zhenhua Wang1,2,*, Jinzhu Zhang1, Weibin Cao1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.26, No.5, pp. 949-959, 2020, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2020.010127

    Abstract This study adopted the method of barrel planting to artificially set the salt content of six different soils (CK:1.5 g kg-1 , T1:3.0 g kg-1 , T2:4.0 g kg-1 , T3:5.3 g kg-1 , T4:6.2 g kg-1 , T5:7.3 g kg-1 ) to study the effects of different degrees of mild salt stress on photosynthetic physiology, growth index and yield of cotton under drip irrigation. The results showed that with the increasing salt stress and the prolongation of stress time, the photosynthetic physiological indexes of cotton showed a downward trend (P < 0.01), and the plant height and leaf… More >

  • Open Access


    Advances in Cotton Tolerance to Heavy Metal Stress and Applications to Remediate Heavy Metal-Contaminated Farmland Soil

    Ling Li*, Xuyu Yan, Juan Li, Yashan Tian, Pan Ren

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.1, pp. 35-50, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.012276

    Abstract Heavy metal-contaminated soil is one of the major environmental pollution problems of agricultural production and human health in the world. Remediation of heavy metals in soil is one of the most popular research subjects. Different remediation strategies have been reported to remove heavy metals from contaminated soil, among which phytoremediation is the most important one. Compared with other major crops, cotton shows the strongest and most widespread resistance to abiotic stresses, such as heavy metals. Although heavy metal stress adversely affects the growth and development of cotton, cotton possesses a set of sophisticated stress-resistance strategies.… More >

  • Open Access


    NaOH/Urea Swelling Treatment and Hydrothermal Degradation of Waste Cotton Fiber

    Lixia Gao1, Sheng Shi1,2,*, Wensheng Hou1, Shuhua Wang1, Zhifeng Yan1, Chao Ge1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.6, pp. 703-713, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.09055

    Abstract In this study, waste cotton fabric was used as cellulose raw material and pretreated in aqueous NaOH/urea solution system to investigate the effect of NaOH/urea pretreatment solution on the hydrolysis of cotton fiber. The cotton fiber was pretreated with different conditions of aqueous NaOH/urea solution, and the pretreated cotton fiber was hydrolyzed under the same conditions as the original cotton fiber. The results of characterization analysis showed that water retention value of pretreated cotton fiber was higher than that of unpretreated sample. Moreover, the cotton fiber presented both a convoluted structure and a coarser surface,… More >

  • Open Access


    Cadmium-Induced Structure Change of Pigment Glands and the Reduction of the Gossypol Content in Cottonseed Kernels

    Ling Li1,*, Xuyu Yan1, Lei Mei2, Shuijin Zhu2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.2, pp. 315-327, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.09108

    Abstract The risk of cotton production on arable land contaminated with heavy metals has increased in recent years. Cotton shows stronger and more extensive resistance to heavy metals, such as cadmium (Cd) than that of other major crops. Here, a potted plant experiment was performed to study Cd-induced alterations in the cottonseed kernel gossypol content and pigment gland structure at maturity in two transgenic cotton cultivars (ZD-90 and SGK3) and an upland cotton standard genotype (TM-1). The results showed that Cd accumulation in cottonseed kernels increased with increasing Cd levels in the soil. The seed kernel… More >

  • Open Access


    Aspergillus tubingensis Causes Leaf Spot of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in Pakistan

    Maria Khizar1, Urooj Haroon1, Musrat Ali1, Samiah Arif2, Iftikhar Hussain Shah2 , Hassan Javed Chaudhary1, Muhammad Farooq Hussain Munis1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.1, pp. 103-109, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.08010

    Abstract Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is a key fiber crop of great commercial importance. Numerous phytopathogens decimate crop production by causing various diseases. During July-August 2018, leaf spot symptoms were recurrently observed on cotton leaves in Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan and adjacent areas. Infected leaf samples were collected and plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) media. Causal agent of cotton leaf spot was isolated, characterized and identified as Aspergillus tubingensis based on morphological and microscopic observations. Conclusive identification of pathogen was done on the comparative molecular analysis of CaM and β-tubulin gene sequences. BLAST analysis of both sequenced More >

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