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  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Analysis of the Thermo-Chemical Properties of Sudanese Biomass for Sustainable Applications

    Wadah Mohammed1,2, Zeinab Osman2, Salah Elarabi3, Bertrand Charrier1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 721-736, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.031050

    Abstract The chemical composition and thermal properties of natural fibers are the most critical variables that determine the overall properties of the fibers and influence their processing and use in different sustainable applications, such as their conversion into bioenergy and biocomposites. Their thermal and mechanical properties can be estimated by evaluating the content of cellulose, lignin, and other extractives in the fibers. In this research work, the chemical composition and thermal properties of three fibers, namely bagasse, kenaf bast fibers, and cotton stalks, were evaluated to assess their potential utilization in producing biocomposites and bioenergy materials.… More >

  • Open Access


    Genetic Diversity, Population Structure, and Genome-Wide Association Study of Seven Agronomic Traits in 273 Diverse Upload Cotton Accessions

    Yajun Liang1,2,#, Juyun Zheng1,#, Junduo Wang1,#, Zhaolong Gong1, Zhiqiang Li3, Ling Min4, Zeliang Zhang2, Zhiwei Sang2, Yanying Qu2, Xueyuan Li1,*, Quanjia Chen2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3345-3357, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028755

    Abstract Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is the most important plant producing natural fibers for the textile industry. In this study, we first investigated the phenotypic variation of seven agronomic traits of 273 diverse cotton accessions in the years 2017 and 2018, which were from 18 geographical regions. We found large variations among the traits in different geographical regions and only half of the traits in either years 2017 or 2018 followed a normal distribution. We then genotyped the collection with 81,612 high quality SNPs. Phylogenetic tree and population structure revealed a diverse genetic structure of the core… More >

  • Open Access


    Surface Morphology and Thermo-Electrical Energy Analysis of Polyaniline (PANI) Incorporated Cotton Fabric

    Md. Shohan Parvez1,2, Md. Mustafizur Rahman1,3,*, Mahendran Samykano1, Mohammad Yeakub Ali4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 1-12, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027472

    Abstract With the exponential development in wearable electronics, a significant paradigm shift is observed from rigid electronics to flexible wearable devices. Polyaniline (PANI) is considered as a dominant material in this sector, as it is endowed with the optical properties of both metal and semiconductors. However, its widespread application got delineated because of its irregular rigid form, level of conductivity, and precise choice of solvents. Incorporating PANI in textile materials can generate promising functionality for wearable applications. This research work employed a straightforward in-situ chemical oxidative polymerization to synthesize PANI on Cotton fabric surfaces with varying dopant… More >

  • Open Access


    The Cotton GhWRKY91 Gene Negatively Regulates Root Elongation in Overexpressed Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana

    Yueying Liu#, Yuqing Wang#, Lijiao Gu*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 2937-2946, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.043306

    Abstract WRKY transcription factors play important roles in plant growth, development, and stress responses. Our previous research has shown that the GhWRKY91 gene can delay age-, abscisic acid (ABA)-, and drought-induced leaf senescence when overexpressed in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. To explore in more depth the biological functions of the GhWRKY91 gene, we further observed the root growth of overexpressing transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana under ABA and drought treatment. In this study, we transplanted the germinated seeds of wild-type (WT) and three transgenic lines (OE-12, OE-13 and OE-20) to 1/2 MS solid medium containing ABA and different concentrations of mannitol (simulated… More >

  • Open Access


    CNN Based Features Extraction and Selection Using EPO Optimizer for Cotton Leaf Diseases Classification

    Mehwish Zafar1, Javeria Amin2, Muhammad Sharif1, Muhammad Almas Anjum3, Seifedine Kadry4,5,6, Jungeun Kim7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.3, pp. 2779-2793, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035860

    Abstract Worldwide cotton is the most profitable cash crop. Each year the production of this crop suffers because of several diseases. At an early stage, computerized methods are used for disease detection that may reduce the loss in the production of cotton. Although several methods are proposed for the detection of cotton diseases, however, still there are limitations because of low-quality images, size, shape, variations in orientation, and complex background. Due to these factors, there is a need for novel methods for features extraction/selection for the accurate cotton disease classification. Therefore in this research, an optimized… More >

  • Open Access


    Restructuring Tilth Layers Can Change the Microbial Community Structure and Affect the Occurrence of Verticillium Wilt in Cotton Field

    Ming Dong#, Yan Wang#, Shulin Wang, Guoyi Feng, Qian Zhang, Yongzeng Lin, Qinglong Liang, Yongqiang Wang*, Hong Qi*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.10, pp. 2841-2860, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030465

    Abstract Restructuring tilth layers (RTL) is a tillage method that exchanges the 0–20 and 20–40 cm soil layers that can be applied during cotton cultivation to increase cotton yield, eliminate weeds and alleviate severe disease, including Verticillium wilt. However, the mechanism by which RTL inhibits Verticillium wilt is unclear. Therefore, we investigated the distribution of microbial communities after rotary tillage (CK) and RTL treatments to identify the reasons for the reduction of Verticillium wilt in cotton fields subjected to RTL. Illumina high-throughput sequencing was used to sequence the bacterial and fungal genes. The disease incidence and More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Transcriptome Analysis of Seed Germination of a Cotton Variety with High Tolerance to Low Temperature

    Genhai Hu1,*, Maoni Chao1, Xiuren Zhou2, Yuanzhi Fu2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2535-2554, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030163

    Abstract Gossypium hirsutum L. is an important cash crop native to the subtropics and is widely cultivated around the world. Low temperature is an important stress that seriously affects seed germination and emergence during planting. In this study, transcriptomic profiles of low-temperature- and normal-temperature-germinated seeds of Xinluzao 25, a variety with low-temperature tolerance and high germination rates, were analyzed and compared. The following results were obtained. (1) A total of 81.06 Gb of clean data were obtained after transcriptome sequencing and assembly, and 76,931 non-redundant Unigene sequences were obtained after data consolidation and concatenation; of these, 69,883… More >

  • Open Access


    GhSCL4 Acts as a Positive Regulator in Both Transgenic Arabidopsis and Cotton during Salt Stress

    Yanyan Zhao1,*, Yanpeng Ding2, Bailin Duan1, Qingzhou Xie1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.1, pp. 1-15, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.022384

    Abstract GRAS transcription factors play important roles in plant abiotic stress response, but their characteristics and functions in cotton have not been fully investigated. A cotton SCL4/7 subgroup gene in the GRAS family, GhSCL4, was found to be induced by NaCl treatments. Nuclear localization and transactivation activity of GhSCL4 indicate its potential role in transcriptional regulation. Transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana over-expressing GhSCL4 showed enhanced resistance to salt and osmotic stress. What’s more, the transcript levels of salt stress-induced genes (AtNHX1 and AtSOS1) and oxidation-related genes (AtAPX3 and AtCSD2) were more highly induced in the GhSCL4 over-expression lines than in… More >

  • Open Access


    Insecticidal Effect of Green Bimetallic Nanoparticles from Crotalaria longirostrata on Cotton Mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis

    Vianey Mendez-Trujillo1, Benjamín Valdez-Salas2, Mario Curiel-Alvarez2, Ernesto Beltran-Partida2, Arnoldo Alfaro-Corres3, Esaú Ruiz-Sanchez3, Gerardo Bautista-Trujillo4, Olivia Tzintzun Camacho5, Onecimo Grimaldo-Juarez5, Carlos Ceceña-Duran5, Carlos Ail-Catzin5, Daniel González-Mendoza5,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.10, pp. 2543-2552, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020965

    Abstract The present study was conducted to evaluate the impact of bimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) of copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) from Crotalaria longirostrata on the insect mortality and cell viability of Phenacoccus solenopsis. The biosynthesis of bimetallic nanoparticles (Cu/Zn-NPs) from C. longirostrata was confirmed by the presence of a single peak around 378 nm. The hydrodynamic diameter of the Cu/Zn nanoparticles varied from 59 to 119 nm and their zeta potential was found to be −30.90 mV. The EDX analysis showed a strong signal for Cu and Zn (8 and 8.6 keV, respectively). The Cu/Zn-NPs showed an effective insecticide activity against P. solenopsis with More >

  • Open Access


    Transcriptome analysis combined with metabolome analysis reveals the significant functions of CesA genes in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) fiber length development


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.9, pp. 2133-2144, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.020512

    Abstract Cotton is widely distributed worldwide, and improving the quality of its fiber is one of the most important tasks in cotton breeding. Cotton fibers are primarily composed of cellulose, which is synthesized by CesA complexes (CSCs). However, the functions of CesA genes in cotton fiber development have not been comprehensively analysed. In this study, the cotton transcriptome and metabolome were used to investigate the function of CesA genes in fiber development. Finally, 321 metabolites were obtained, 84 of which were associated with the corresponding genes. Interestingly, a target gene named Gh_A08G144300, one of the CesA gene family members, More >

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