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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Clinical Study on the Effect of Group Nostalgia Therapy on Quality of Life and Cognitive Function in Elderly Patients with Depression

    Yan Huang1,*, Xiaoye Liao2, Fen Cai3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.12, pp. 1313-1321, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030558

    Abstract Background: Elderly people with depression require special care and attention. However, nostalgia is a complex emotional situation for a person who recalls the missing past. To improve mental health, quality of life, and attitudes toward aging in institutional care, group nostalgia therapy can be a nursing intermediary for the elderly. This study aimed to analyze the effect of group nostalgia therapy on quality of life cognitive function in elderly patients with depression. Methods: A total of 89 participants were enrolled in this study, which was further categorized into a control (n = 40) and a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Gender Differences in the Incidence and Related Factors of Low Social Support among Adolescents with Subthreshold Depression

    Yi Shi, Fangfang Shangguan*, Jing Xiao*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.12, pp. 1257-1263, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030516

    Abstract Background: Social support is related to depression, but the gender differences and related factors that contribute to low social support among adolescents with subthreshold depression remain to be elucidated. This study explores the relationship between social support and depression, in addition to the gender difference in the incidence of low social support among adolescents with subthreshold depression and its related factors. Methods: A total of 371 Chinese adolescents with subthreshold depression were recruited. All subjects were rated on the Social Support Scale for Adolescents, the Response Style Scale, the Self-Perception Profile for Children, the Individualism-collectivism… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effect of Sleep and Cognition Enhancement Multimodal Intervention for Mild Cognitive Impairment with Sleep Disturbance in the Community-Dwelling Elderly

    Eun Kyoung Han, Hae Kyoung Son*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1197-1208, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.041560

    Abstract Dementia prevalence has soared due to population aging. In Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) as a pre-dementia stage, sleep disturbances have raised much interest as a factor in a bidirectional relationship with cognitive decline. Thus, this study developed the Sleep and Cognition Enhancement Multimodal Intervention (SCEMI) based on Lazarus’ multimodal approach and conducted a randomized controlled experiment to investigate the effects of the novel program on sleep and cognition in MCI elderly. The participants were 55 MCI elderly with sleep disturbances at two dementia care centers located in S-city, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea (n = 25 in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Model for Predicting the Psychological Well-Being of Older Adults in South Korea

    Hyangjin Park1, Haeryun Cho2, So Yeon Yoo3,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1219-1228, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.041490

    Abstract This study examined factors related to the psychological well-being of older adults and built and verified a model for predicting psychological well-being. The participants were 350 older adults aged over 60 years who lived in South Korea and were active in the local community. The model proposed in this study was found to be suitable. Depression, self-efficacy, and social support had a direct effect on the psychological well-being of older adults, while depression, activities of daily living (ADLs), and self-efficacy had an indirect effect. Self-efficacy and social support mediated the relationship between depression and psychological More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Break Free from Depression: Implementation and Outcomes of a School-Based Depression Awareness Program

    Amy J. Kaye1,*, Vanessa Prosper2, Kathryn Moffa1, Vanja Pejic1, Karen Capraro1, Georgios D. Sideridis1, Abigail Ross1,3, Kristine M. Dennery1, David R. DeMaso1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.10, pp. 1103-1115, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030185

    Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of Break Free from Depression (BFFD), a school-based depression awareness curriculum, in comparison to a wait list control group. A total of 13 eighth grade classrooms participated in either an intervention or control group and completed pre-, post-, and three-month follow-up surveys. Students participating in BFFD (N = 6 classrooms, 166 students) demonstrated enhanced knowledge of and more adaptive attitudes towards depression compared to the control group (N = 7 classrooms, 155 students). Participants in the BFFD intervention also demonstrated increases in their confidence in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fang-Xia-Dihuang decoction inhibits breast cancer progression induced by psychological stress via down-regulation of PI3K/AKT and JAK2/STAT3 pathways: An in vivo and a network pharmacology assessment

    LINGYAN LV1,2,#, JING ZHAO1,2,#, XUAN WANG1,2, LIUYAN XU1,2, YINGYI FAN2, CHUNHUI WANG3, HONGQIAO FAN4,5,*, XIAOHUA PEI5,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.9, pp. 1977-1994, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.030742

    Abstract Background: The development and prognosis of breast cancer are intricately linked to psychological stress. In addition, depression is the most common psychological comorbidity among breast cancer survivors, and reportedly, Fang-Xia-Dihuang decoction (FXDH) can effectively manage depression in such patients. However, its pharmacological and molecular mechanisms remain obscure. Methods: Public databases were used for obtaining active components and related targets. Main active components were further verified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS). Protein–protein interaction and enrichment analyses were taken to predict potential hub targets and related pathways. Molecule docking was used to understand the interactions… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Ketone bodies and inflammation modulation: A mini-review on ketogenic diet’s potential mechanisms in mood disorders

    YAN ZHENG1,2, SIHUI MA3,4,*, KATSUHIKO SUZUKI4, HISANORI KATO3, HUIJUAN JIA3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.8, pp. 1897-1906, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027632

    Abstract Mental disorders such as depression and anxiety inflict significant burdens on individuals and society. Commonly prescribed treatments often involve cognitive therapy and medications. However, for patients resistant to these conventional methods, alternative therapies like the Ketogenic Diet (KD) offer a promising avenue. KD and its key metabolite, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), have been hypothesized to alleviate mental disorders through anti-inflammatory actions, a crucial pathway in the pathophysiology of depression. This mini-review examines 15 clinical trials exploring the influence of KD and BHB on inflammation and their potential roles in managing mental disorders. Both human and animal studies More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Meaning in Life and Mental Health Issues in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

    Shu Nie1, Jiyoon Lim2, Xintian Xu3, Lei Zheng4, Yiqun Gan2,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 971-984, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029155

    Abstract This study aims to be the first to use meta-analysis to explore the relationship between meaning in life (MIL) and mental health issues among older adults. A meta-analysis was conducted using six databases, resulting in 16 studies with 5,074 participants in total. The “metacor” and “forestplot” packages in R-Studio were used for data analysis. The total effect was calculated using a random-effects model, with I² = 86% in the heterogeneity test. The results showed a moderate negative correlation between MIL and mental health issues among older adults, with an average effect of −0.37. Five potential… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Cross-Lagged Relationship between Physical Activity Time, Openness and Depression Symptoms among Adolescents: Evidence from China

    Xiaojie Cao1, Qinyu Zhang2, Xinqiao Liu3,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1009-1018, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.029365

    Abstract The relationship between physical activity time, openness and depression symptoms among adolescents is a cutting-edge research direction in the field, yet it remains unclear. This study is based on a sample of 7924 students from a nationally representative China Education Panel Survey database and examines the bidirectional relationships between physical activity time, openness and depression symptoms among Chinese adolescents. Descriptive analysis showed that during the 7th and 8th grades, the average physical activity time decreased to less than one hour per day, accompanied by a decreasing trend in openness and a slight worsening in depression… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Examination of the Illness Representations among Children with T1DM in Relation to Mental Health Factors

    Brigitta Munkácsi1,*, Enikő Felszeghy1, Flóra Kenyhercz2, Beáta Erika Nagy1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.8, pp. 961-969, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.027319

    Abstract The most common comorbid psychiatric disorders in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are depression, anxiety and behavioral disorders. Patients with comorbid psychopathology are less capable of psychically adjusting to the new life situation resulting from T1DM, which may negatively affect glycemic control and adherence related to the treatment. We aimed to investigate the association between mental health and type 1 diabetes including illness representation. 115 children and adolescents with T1DM were recruited through the outpatient clinic in Debrecen, Hungary. Measures: PRISM-D, Child Depression Inventory (CDI), Cantril Ladder and Self-Rated Health, Glycosylaeted haemoglobin (HbA1C) More > Graphic Abstract

    Examination of the Illness Representations among Children with T1DM in Relation to Mental Health Factors

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