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  • Open Access


    Arrhythmia Prediction on Optimal Features Obtained from the ECG as Images

    Fuad A. M. Al-Yarimi*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 129-142, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.024297

    Abstract A critical component of dealing with heart disease is real-time identification, which triggers rapid action. The main challenge of real-time identification is illustrated here by the rare occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias. Recent contributions to cardiac arrhythmia prediction using supervised learning approaches generally involve the use of demographic features (electronic health records), signal features (electrocardiogram features as signals), and temporal features. Since the signal of the electrical activity of the heartbeat is very sensitive to differences between high and low heartbeats, it is possible to detect some of the irregularities in the early stages of arrhythmia. This paper describes the training… More >

  • Open Access


    Arrhythmia Detection and Classification by Using Modified Recurrent Neural Network

    Ajina Mohamed Ameer*, M. Victor Jose

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.3, pp. 1349-1361, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.023924

    Abstract This paper presents a novel approach for arrhythmia detection and classification using modified recurrent neural network. In medicine and analytics, arrhythmia detections is a hot topic, specifically when it comes to cardiac identification. In the research methodology, there are 4 main steps. Acquisition and pre-processing of data, electrocardiogram (ECG) feature extraction utilizing QRS (Quick Response Systems) peak, and ECG signal classification using a Modified Recurrent Neural Network (Modified RNN) for arrhythmia diagnosis. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Beth Israel Hospital. (MIT-BIH) Arrhythmia database was used, as well as the image accuracy. Medium filter is used in the pre-processing. Feature extraction is… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning Convolutional Neural Network for ECG Signal Classification Aggregated Using IoT

    S. Karthiga*, A. M. Abirami

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.3, pp. 851-866, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021935

    Abstract Much attention has been given to the Internet of Things (IoT) by citizens, industries, governments, and universities for applications like smart buildings, environmental monitoring, health care and so on. With IoT, network connectivity is facilitated between smart devices from anyplace and anytime. IoT-based health monitoring systems are gaining popularity and acceptance for continuous monitoring and detect health abnormalities from the data collected. Electrocardiographic (ECG) signals are widely used for heart diseases detection. A novel method has been proposed in this work for ECG monitoring using IoT techniques. In this work, a two-stage approach is employed. In the first stage, a… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient Data Compression of ECG Signal Based on Modified Discrete Cosine Transform

    Ashraf Mohamed Ali Hassan1, Mohammed S. Alzaidi2, Sherif S. M. Ghoneim2,3,*, Waleed El Nahal4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4391-4408, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.024044

    Abstract This paper introduced an efficient compression technique that uses the compressive sensing (CS) method to obtain and recover sparse electrocardiography (ECG) signals. The recovery of the signal can be achieved by using sampling rates lower than the Nyquist frequency. A novel analysis was proposed in this paper. To apply CS on ECG signal, the first step is to generate a sparse signal, which can be obtained using Modified Discrete Cosine Transform (MDCT) on the given ECG signal. This transformation is a promising key for other transformations used in this search domain and can be considered as the main contribution of… More >

  • Open Access


    A Wireless ECG Monitoring and Analysis System Using the IoT Cloud

    Anas Bushnag*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.1, pp. 51-70, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.024005

    Abstract A portable electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring system is essential for elderly and remote patients who are not able to visit the hospital regularly. The system connects a patient to his/her doctor through an Internet of Things (IoT) cloud server that provides all the information needed to diagnose heart diseases. Patients use an ECG monitoring device to collect and upload information regarding their current medical situation via the Message Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT) protocol to the server. The IoT cloud server performs further analysis that can be useful for both the doctor and the patient. Moreover, the proposed system has an alert… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimized Compressive Sensing Based ECG Signal Compression and Reconstruction

    Ishani Mishra1,*, Sanjay Jain2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.1, pp. 415-428, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.022860

    Abstract In wireless body sensor network (WBSN), the set of electrocardiograms (ECG) data which is collected from sensor nodes and transmitted to the server remotely supports the experts to monitor the health of a patient. However, due to the size of the ECG data, the performance of the signal compression and reconstruction is degraded. For efficient wireless transmission of ECG data, compressive sensing (CS) frame work plays significant role recently in WBSN. So, this work focuses to present CS for ECG signal compression and reconstruction. Although CS minimizes mean square error (MSE), compression rate and reconstruction probability of the CS is… More >

  • Open Access


    Noisy ECG Signal Data Transformation to Augment Classification Accuracy

    Iqra Afzal1, Fiaz Majeed1, Muhammad Usman Ali2, Shahzada Khurram3, Akber Abid Gardezi4, Shafiq Ahmad5, Saad Aladyan5, Almetwally M. Mostafa6, Muhammad Shafiq7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 2191-2207, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022711

    Abstract In this era of electronic health, healthcare data is very important because it contains information about human survival. In addition, the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution has redefined modern healthcare systems and management by providing continuous monitoring. In this case, the data related to the heart is more important and requires proper analysis. For the analysis of heart data, Electrocardiogram (ECG) is used. In this work, machine learning techniques, such as adaptive boosting (AdaBoost) is used for detecting normal sinus rhythm, atrial fibrillation (AF), and noise in ECG signals to improve the classification accuracy. The proposed model uses ECG signals… More >

  • Open Access


    Automated Deep Learning Based Cardiovascular Disease Diagnosis Using ECG Signals

    S. Karthik1, M. Santhosh1,*, M. S. Kavitha1, A. Christopher Paul2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 183-199, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021698

    Abstract Automated biomedical signal processing becomes an essential process to determine the indicators of diseased states. At the same time, latest developments of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques have the ability to manage and analyzing massive amounts of biomedical datasets results in clinical decisions and real time applications. They can be employed for medical imaging; however, the 1D biomedical signal recognition process is still needing to be improved. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the widely used 1-dimensional biomedical signals, which is used to diagnose cardiovascular diseases. Computer assisted diagnostic models find it difficult to automatically classify the 1D ECG signals owing to… More >

  • Open Access


    Heart Disease Classification Using Multiple K-PCA and Hybrid Deep Learning Approach

    S. Kusuma*, Dr. Jothi K. R

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.41, No.3, pp. 1273-1289, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.021741

    Abstract One of the severe health problems and the most common types of heart disease (HD) is Coronary heart disease (CHD). Due to the lack of a healthy lifestyle, HD would cause frequent mortality worldwide. If the heart attack occurs without any symptoms, it cannot be cured by an intelligent detection system. An effective diagnosis and detection of CHD should prevent human casualties. Moreover, intelligent systems employ clinical-based decision support approaches to assist physicians in providing another option for diagnosing and detecting HD. This paper aims to introduce a heart disease prediction model including phases like (i) Feature extraction, (ii) Feature… More >

  • Open Access


    Cardiovascular Disease Prediction Among the Malaysian Cohort Participants Using Electrocardiogram

    Mohd Zubir Suboh1,2, Nazrul Anuar Nayan1,3,*, Noraidatulakma Abdullah4,5, Nurul Ain Mhd Yusof4, Mariatul Akma Hamid4, Azwa Shawani Kamalul Arinfin4, Syakila Mohd Abd Daud4, Mohd Arman Kamaruddin4, Rosmina Jaafar1, Rahman Jamal4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.1, pp. 1111-1132, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022123

    Abstract A comprehensive study was conducted to differentiate cardiovascular disease (CVD) subjects from non-CVD subjects using short recording electrocardiogram (ECG) of 244 Malaysian adults in The Malaysian Cohort project. An automated peak detection algorithm to detect nine fiducial points of electrocardiogram (ECG) was developed. Forty-eight features were extracted in both time and frequency domains, including statistical features obtained from heart rate variability and Poincare plot analysis. These include five new features derived from spectrum counts of five different frequency ranges. Feature selection was then made based on p-value and correlation matrix. Selected features were used as input for five classifiers of… More >

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