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  • Open Access


    Analysis of the Performances and Optimization of Polyurethane Concrete with a Large Percentage of Fly Ash

    Tingting Huo1, Jiaquan Xue2,*, Zhi’an Fu3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 437-450, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.020696

    Abstract The properties of polyurethane concrete containing a large amount of fly ash are investigated, and accordingly, a model is introduced to account for the influence of fly ash fineness, water ratio, and loss of ignition (LOI) on its mechanical performances. This research shows that, after optimization, the concrete has a compressive strength of 20.8 MPa, a flexural strength of 3.4 MPa, and a compressive modulus of elasticity of 19.2 GPa. The main factor influencing 28 and 90 d compressive strength is fly ash content, water-binder ratio, and early strength agent content. More >

  • Open Access


    An Experimental Investigation on Workability and Bleeding Behaviors of Cement Pastes Doped with Nano Titanium Oxide (n-TiO2) Nanoparticles and Fly Ash

    Fatih Çelik1,*, Oğuzhan Yıldız2, Andaç Batur Çolak3, Samet Mufit Bozkır1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 135-158, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021014

    Abstract In this study, the workability of cement-based grouts containing n-TiO2 nanoparticles and fly ash has been investigated experimentally. Several characteristic quantities (including, but not limited to, the marsh cone flow time, the mini slump spreading diameter and the plate cohesion meter value) have been measured for different percentages of these additives. The use of fly ash as a mineral additive has been found to result in improvements in terms of workability behavior as expected. Moreover, if nano titanium oxide is also used, an improvement can be obtained regarding the bleeding values for the cement-based grout mixes. More >

  • Open Access


    Utilization of Low-Alkalinity Cementitious Materials in Cemented Paste Backfill of Gold Mine Tailings

    Jiamao Li1,2,*, Chuimin Zhang1, Lin Li1, Chuangang Fan1,*, Zhaofang He3, Yuandi Qian3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.12, pp. 3439-3458, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.021214

    Abstract The purpose of this paper was to explore the possibility of using low-alkalinity cementitious materials as binders, in which ground blast furnace slag and fly ash acted as a partial replacement of ordinary Portland cement, and CaSO4, Na2SO4, and CaO were used as a sulfate activator and alkali-activated additives, to solidify gold mine tailings for preparation of a green, inexpensive cemented paste backfill (CPB). For this target, the effects of cement/ tailings ratio, superplasticizer dosage, solid content, tailings fineness on the mechanical properties of the CPB were investigated. Additionally, the hydration mechanism of the CPB was… More >

  • Open Access


    Preparation and Properties of Eco-Friendly Aerated Concrete Utilizing High-Volume Fly Ash with MgO and CaO Activators

    Xiaoling Qu, Xingshuo Yang, Siqi Li, Changan Tian, Zaibo Li, Zhiguang Zhao*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.12, pp. 3335-3350, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020636

    Abstract The associated MgO in limestone is believed to affect the volume stability of cementitious materials at room temperature, which limits the utilization of low-grade limestone. In this study, MgO was used as an alkali activator instead of partial CaO to prepare the aerated concrete under hydrothermal conditions. The expansion process was studied to evaluate the influence of the raw materials on the gas forming stability of the slurry. The pore structure (porosity, pore size and its distribution) was analyzed by the image method. The physic-mechanical properties (density, strength, thermal properties) of concrete with the addition… More >

  • Open Access


    Characterization of the Omni-Processor Sewage Sludge Ash for Reuse as Construction Material

    Prince Momar Gueye1,2,*, Siham Kamali-Bernard2, Dame Keinde1, Fabrice Bernard2, Vincent Sambou1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 1581-1593, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.022165

    Abstract Omni Processors (OP) are machines which use sludge as a fuel to generate electricity and clean water, but create ash at the same time. In the present study, fly ash and bottom ash are investigated as materials for potential reuse in the construction field. First, the granular size, density and Blaine finesse are determined. Then, the chemical composition and microstructure are obtained by means of X-ray fluorescence and Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), respectively. Finally, ashes reactivity is determined by two chemical methods (modified Chapelle test, bound water content R3) and a mechanical method More >

  • Open Access


    Study on Triaxial Mechanical Properties and Micro Mechanism of Fly Ash Reinforced Cement Calcareous Sand

    Ben Li1, Na Li1,*, Chulei Fang1, Jun Hu2,*, Rong Yu3, Longxin Shu1, Kai Yao3, Fang Zhang1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.6, pp. 1693-1710, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.018475

    Abstract In order to study the mechanical properties and micro-mechanism of industrial waste fly ash-reinforced cement calcareous sand (FCS), the triaxial unconsolidated undrained (UU) test and scanning electron microscope tests (SEM) were carried out on it. The results of UU test show that the peak stress and energy dissipation of the FCS sample first increase and then decrease with the increase in fly ash content. Fly ash enhances the cement calcareous sand by increasing both the cohesion and internal friction angle, and adding 10% content of fly ash gives the largest values. The SEM test results… More >

  • Open Access


    Fly Ash/Paraffin Composite Phase Change Material Used to Treat Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Expansive Soil in Cold Regions

    Yong Chen1, Yinghao Huang1,2,*, Min Wu1 and Shuo Wang1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.4, pp. 1153-1173, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.018856

    Abstract Phase change materials (PCMs) can store large amounts of energy in latent heat and release it during phase changes, which could be used to improve the freeze-thaw performance of soil. The composite phase change material was prepared with paraffin as the PCM and 8% Class C fly ash (CFA) as the supporting material. Laboratory tests were conducted to reveal the influence of phase change paraffin composite Class C fly ash (CFA-PCM) on the thermal properties, volume changes and mechanical properties of expansive soil. The results show that PCM failed to establish a good improvement effect… More >

  • Open Access


    Recycled Aggregate Pervious Concrete: Analysis of Influence of Water-Cement Ratio and Fly Ash under Single Action and Optimal Design of Mix Proportion

    Shoukai Chen1,4,5, Chunpeng Xing1, Mengdie Zhao2,*, Junfeng Zhang3, Lunyan Wang1,4,5,*, Qidong He6

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.3, pp. 799-819, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.017285


    Pervious concrete is recommended, which is of great benefit to the ecological environment and human living environment. In this paper, the influences of five water-cement ratios and four fly ash contents to replace the cement by mass with a water-cement ratio of 0.30 on the properties of Recycled Aggregate Pervious Concrete (RAPC) were studied. Following this, based on the Grey relational-Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) optimization method, the strength, permeability, abrasion loss rate, and material costs of RAPC were adopted as evaluation indices to establish a mix proportion optimization model.

    More >

  • Open Access


    An Experimental Study on Oxidized Mercury Adsorption by Bromide Blended Coal Combustion Fly Ash

    Mingyu Yu1, Mengyuan Liu1, Guangqian Luo1,2,*, Ruize Sun1, Jingyuan Hu1, Hailu Zhu1, Li Zhong3, Lipeng Han3, Xian Li1, Hong Yao1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.5, pp. 1277-1286, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014810

    Abstract The application of forced mercury oxidation technology would lead to an increase of Hg2+ concentration in the flue gas. Although Hg2+ can be easily removed in the WFGD, the mercury re-emission in the WFGD can decrease the total removal of mercury from coal-fired power plants. Hence, it is necessary to control Hg2+ concentration in the devices before the WFGD. Fly ash adsorbent is considered as a potential alternative for commercial activated carbon adsorbent. However, the adsorption efficiency of the original fly ash is low. Modification procedure is needed to enhance the adsorption performance. In this study, the More >

  • Open Access


    An α-Fe2O3/Circulating Fluidized Bed Fly Ash Based Geopolymer Composite Anode for Electrocatalytic Degradation of Indigo Carmine Dye Wastewater

    Jiaqian Lei, Yaojun Zhang*, Panyang He

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.12, pp. 2277-2289, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015824

    Abstract Geopolymers have been developed to various catalysts due to their advantages. However, low conductivity restricts their application in the electrocatalysis field. In this study, an α-Fe2O3/circulating fluidized bed fly ash based geopolymer (CFAG) composite anode was fabricated using a facile dip-coating method by loading α-Fe2O3 in the matrix of CFAG. The effects of α-Fe2O3 content on the composition, surface morphology and electrochemical performance of α-Fe2O3/CFAG composite anode were investigated. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) results demonstrated that α-Fe2O3 was successfully inlaid with the surface of amorphous CFAG matrix. The electrochemical measurements indicated that α-Fe2O3/CFAG More > Graphic Abstract

    An α-Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>/Circulating Fluidized Bed Fly Ash Based Geopolymer Composite Anode for Electrocatalytic Degradation of Indigo Carmine Dye Wastewater

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